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Kidney Stones are tiny pebble or stone-like particles that form in the kidney due to deposits of certain materials. They can form in both the kidneys. However, Kidney Stone Disease is curable, they can lead to irritation and excruciating pain.
The severity of kidney stone disease may range from harmless to dangerous. Harmless tiny ones sometimes dissolve on their own by drinking lots of water, fluids and by specific medications. But the big ones, my friend, often need to be operated. So, if you are someone who is suffering from Kidney stone disease, we have curated for you the Best Diet Plan For Kidney Stones.
Everything About Kidney Stone Disease
You may need to follow a particular diet if you have kidney stones. To begin, your healthcare provider will do blood and urine tests to determine what risk factors you may have. Then your doctor will inform you what food adjustments and medical therapy you’ll need to avoid kidney stones reappearing. A Urologist can assist you in making the appropriate dietary and lifestyle modifications. And, now we will further discuss the Best Diet Plan & Dietitian for Kidney Stones.
What Are The Types Of Kidney Stones?
1. CALCIUM STONES
The most prevalent type of kidney stones are calcium stones. They occur when calcium in your urine reacts with oxalate (a natural substance found in most foods). So, when you don’t receive enough water or calcium, they develop.
2. URIC STONES
Uric stones are a form of kidney stone that are quite prevalent. A high level of a natural chemical called purine (found in some meats and shellfish) in your body can lead to accumulation of high levels of a chemical called urate in your body, which can lead to kidney stones. Kidney stones of this type tend to run in families.
3. STRUVITE STONES
When bacteria from upper urinary tract infections (UTIs) enter your urinary tract, struvite stones can form. Calcium and uric acid stones are more prevalent than struvite stones.
4. CYSTINE STONES
Cystine stones are caused by cystinuria, which is a rare genetic disorder. Cystinuria is a condition in which a natural substance called cystine leaks into the urine. Kidney stones can occur when your urine contains too much cystine. Stones can lodge in your kidneys, bladder, or any other part of your urinary tract. The majority of cystinuria patients will develop several stones during their lives. It’s a chronic illness that can be managed but not healed.
HOW ARE KIDNEY STONES DIAGNOSED?
- When a health exam includes an X-ray, “silent” kidney stones, or those that cause no symptoms, are frequently discoverable. Other people’s stones are diagnosed when they experience sudden discomfort as the stone is passing and may also require medical attention.
- An ultrasound or a CT scan may be used to diagnose a stone if a person has blood in their urine (hematuria) or abrupt stomach or side pain. These imaging examinations reveal the size and location of the stone to the health care professional.
- A CT scan is often used in the ER when a stone is suspected. It is used because it can make a quick and exact diagnosis.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONES?
1. PAIN IN THE BACK, BELLY OR SIDE
Renal colic, often known as kidney stone pain, is one of the most intense types of pain imaginable. Kidney stone pain has been compared to childbirth or being stabbed with a knife by some people. The pain is so severe that more than half a million people visit emergency rooms each year.
2. PAIN OR BURNING DURING URINATION
When the stone reaches the junction of your ureter and bladder, you will experience pain when urinating. Your doctor may diagnose you with dysuria. The discomfort can be acute. Also, if you don’t know you have a kidney stone, you might mistake it for a UTI. And, sometimes you can have an infection along with the stone.
3. URINARY URGENCY
Another indicator that the stone has travelled into the lower part of your urinary tract is the need to go to the bathroom more urgently or frequently than normal. You may feel yourself needing to go to the bathroom frequently during the day and night. But again, the urgent need to pee might often be mistaken for a symptom of a urinary tract infection.
4. BLOOD IN THE URINE
Blood in the urine is a very common symptom in people with kidney stones. It is also called hematuria. Blood can be red, pink, or brown in colour. Even if the blood cells are too minute to view without a microscope (a condition known as microscopic hematuria), your doctor can test your urine for blood.
5. SMELLY URINE
Urine that is healthy is clear and does not have a strong odour. The urine that is cloudy or smells bad could indicate an infection in your kidneys or another portion of your urinary tract.
6. BLOCKAGE OF URINE
Large kidney stones can become lodged in the ureter. The flow of urine may be slowed or stopped as a result of this obstruction. Moreover, if you have a blockage, you may only be able to urinate a small amount each time. A complete cessation of urine flow is a medical emergency.
7. NAUSEA AND VOMITING
Nausea and vomiting are typical in persons who have kidney stones. The kidneys and the GI tract share neural connections, which causes these symptoms. Kidney stones can cause an upset stomach by triggering nerves in the GI tract. When you’re in a lot of pain, your body may react with nausea and vomiting.
8. FEVER AND CHILLS
Fever and chills are symptoms of a kidney infection or another illness in the urinary tract. A kidney stone can cause this dangerous condition. Apart from kidney stones, it can also be a symptom of more significant disorders. Hence, any fever that is accompanied by pain should be treated as soon as possible.
WHAT CAUSES KIDNEY STONES?
Remember, you were supposed to have at least 4 liters of water a day? The purpose of it is not just hydration. Drinking lots of water is also recommended in case you suffer from Kidney Stone Disease. Read all this and a lot more in this blog that also contains the Best Diet Plan For Kidney Stones. Dehydration can also contribute to the creation of kidney stones and urinary tract infections, which, if not treated promptly, can result in kidney damage. So, when there is enough water to keep stone-forming crystals from bonding together, kidney stones are less likely to form.
Red meat, poultry, shellfish, sugary drinks, and alcohol-rich diets, these meals can deny your body of citrates which it needs to prevent kidney stones, in addition to producing more uric acid.
3. FAMILY OR PERSONAL HISTORY
Individuals with a family history of kidney stones are more likely to develop kidney stones than those without a family history; however, little evidence is available about whether the higher risk is due to genetic factors, environmental exposures, or a mix of the two.
Obesity is a major factor in the production of kidney stones. This issue is linked to metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia, which can contribute to the production of calcium-containing kidney stones.
5. DIGESTIVE DISEASES
Changes in the digestive process such as gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel illness, or chronic diarrhoea might disrupt calcium and water absorption, increasing the amount of stone-forming chemicals in your urine.
6. METABOLIC DISORDERS
Because of the excessively acid urine induced by insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome is linked to an elevated risk of uric acid stone development. Because a higher body mass index is linked to higher urinary oxalate excretion, these illnesses may be linked to more calcium oxalate stones.
7. URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
Kidney stones are most commonly the outcome of a less severe UTI progressing due to a lack of treatment, although they can also happen in other ways. The urine gets more acidic when there isn’t enough water to dilute the uric acid, a component of urine.
11 FOODS TO EAT IF YOU HAVE KIDNEY STONES (BEST DIET PLAN FOR KIDNEY STONES)
Drinking enough water is essential for passing kidney stones and preventing the formation of new ones. The liquid not only flushes out toxins but also aids in the movement of stones and grit through your urinary tract. Here are some foods to improve kidney stone pain as part of the best diet plan for kidney stones.
- Coconut water
- Celery Juice
- Pomegranate juice
These foods might vary depending on the type of stone a person has ( can be either calcium or oxalate stone)
FOODS TO AVOID ON A KIDNEY STONE DISEASE DIET
- Whole pulses
- Nuts like: peanuts, cashews
- Raw tomatoes
- Dark green leafy vegetables
- Tomato soup
HOW TO CONTROL KIDNEY STONES DISEASE?
1. STAY HYDRATED
By diluting urine concentration, lowering urine acidity, and removing excess salt, increased fluid intake may help avoid the formation of stones. However, the tendency for increased fluid intake to dilute stone inhibitors like magnesium, pyrophosphate, and glycosaminoglycan could negate these positive benefits. Based on the findings of two randomised studies, a recent meta-analysis indicated that drinking plenty of water reduced the long-term risk of kidney stone recurrence by almost 60%. The combined evidence from only two investigations, however, is inconclusive.
2. CONSUME A VARIETY OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
All persons who develop kidney stones should consume at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day. Potassium, fibre, magnesium, antioxidants, phytate, and citrate are all found in fruits and vegetables, and they may help prevent stones from developing.
One piece of fruit, one potato, or one cup of raw vegetables constitutes a serving. A serving of cooked veggies is 12 cups. If you’re concerned that you’re not getting enough fruits and veggies, talk to your doctor about how to get the most out of your diet.
3. EAT LESS MEAT
If you develop cystine or calcium oxalate stones and have a high level of uric acid in your urine, your doctor may advise you to eat less animal protein.
If your doctor believes your diet is contributing to your stone risk, he or she will advise you to consume less meat, fish, seafood, poultry, hog, lamb, mutton, and game meat than you do currently. This could entail eating certain items only once or twice a day instead of twice or three times a day, eating them fewer times per week, or eating smaller portions when you do eat them. The quantity you should limit is determined by how much you eat currently and how your diet affects your uric acid levels.
4. EAT LESS SALT
For people who add a lot of salt in their diet and a lot of calcium or cystine in their urine Sodium can cause an excessive amount of calcium and cystine in the urine. If you have a lot of salt in your diet, your doctor may urge you to avoid it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other health organizations recommend that you do not consume more than 2,300 mg of salt each day.
5. CONSUME LOW OXALATE FOODS
Patients with elevated urine oxalate should follow this advice. The level of oxalate in your urine can frequently be controlled by eating calcium-rich foods with meals. This is because calcium consumption lowers oxalate levels in the body, while managing urinary oxalate. If this does not control your urine oxalate, you must eat fewer foods that are high in oxalate. Oxalate is found in almost all plant foods, however, it is concentrated in a few. Spinach, rhubarb, and almonds are just a few of the options. It is rarely essential to totally eliminate oxalate-containing items from your diet. This must be assessed on an individual basis and is dependent on the cause of your excessive oxalate levels.
DIET PLAN FOR KIDNEY STONES DISEASE
MEAL 1/EARLY MORNING MEAL
MEAL 3/MID MORNING SNACK
- Green tea+ Apple/Papaya
- White rice (starch removed) + any dhuli dal
MEAL 5/EVENING DRINK
- Milk tea/ Coffee
MEAL 6/EVENING SNACK
- Roasted makhana chaat
- A bowl full of cooked vegetable
MEAL 8/POST DINNER
DIETITIAN FOR KIDNEY STONES
Tried all remedies online? Now you don’t have time to try out anything but want a permanent fix too? We advise you to take professional help. And the right guidance from a Urologist can be of great help. So here is the best dietitian for kidney stone patients.
DIETICIAN MEHAKDEEP SINGH (DT. MAC SINGH)
The founder of FITELO, Dietician Mac Singh’s own weight loss journey, is an inspiration for all. The journey was full of difficulties, but he didn’t give up. In spite of the slip disc, Dt. Mac lost 62 kg with the knowledge he gained from following a sustainable diet. Also, he has changed thousands of lives by suggesting natural foods. So, let’s reach out to the best dietician who can provide you with the best diet plan for kidney stones.
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Why choose FITELO?
- The multidisciplinary team of doctors, dietitians, and fitness trainers works together to create unique plans for you.
- On the whole, all the diet plans are natural.
- Next, no medicines or supplements suggestion.
- And your diseases and allergies, everything is considered.
- Furthermore, With FITELO, you can carry the gym and a dietitian in your pocket. In brief, we customize plans based on your specific needs.
CONTACT: 094028 50007
Although some stones naturally pass, kidney stones can be excruciatingly painful to pass. But if caught early enough, they seldom cause permanent damage.
So, If you have any signs or symptoms of kidney stones, contact your doctor. The sooner you obtain treatment for kidney stones, the less likely you are to develop complications.
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