How To Prevent Diabetic Foot Ulcers?

Anjali Jaiswal

Anjali Jaiswal
Oct 2023

2 min read
Diabetic Foot Ulcer

Table of content

Diabetes is a health condition that affects millions of people around the world. One of the complications that people with diabetes may face is called a diabetic foot ulcer. These ulcers can be serious, but with the right knowledge, they can be understood and managed effectively. 

In this easy-to-follow blog, we’ll explore diabetic foot ulcers step by step, from their causes and symptoms to the different types and treatment options available.

CTA ImageCTA Image

Types Of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Not all diabetic foot ulcers are the same. There are different types:

  1. Neuropathic Ulcers: These ulcers often show up where there’s a lot of pressure, like the ball of your foot or under your big toe because you can’t feel it.
  1. Ischemic Ulcers: These happen because of poor blood flow, and they usually form on the tips of your toes or between them.
  1. Neuroischemic Ulcers: These ulcers are a mix of neuropathic and ischemic factors, and also they can be quite challenging to treat.

How To Prevent Diabetic Foot Ulcers?

Preventing diabetic foot ulcers is vital for those with diabetes. Simple tips to follow:

  • Control Your Sugar: Keep your blood sugar levels in check by following your doctor’s advice and taking your medications as prescribed.
  • Check Your Feet: Look at your feet every day, especially if you can’t feel them well. Make sure there are no cuts, sores, or red spots.
  • Comfy Shoes: Wear comfy shoes that fit well. Don’t wear shoes that squeeze your feet or have rough seams inside.
  • Keep Feet Clean And Dry: Wash your feet daily with soap and water, and make sure to dry them, especially between your toes.
  • Trim Nails Safely: Cut your toenails straight across, not too short. Avoid cutting the corners too much.
  • No Bare Feet: Never walk around without shoes, even at home. It protects your feet from getting hurt.
  • Careful With Calluses: Don’t try to remove calluses or corns yourself. Let a healthcare professional handle them.
  • Stay Active: Get moving with regular exercise to boost blood flow in your feet. Then ask your doctor for safe exercises.
  • Quit Smoking: If you smoke, try to quit. Smoking can make foot problems worse.
  • Learn About Foot Care: Learn from your doctor about how to take care of your feet. Attend classes if they’re available.
  • Handle Other Health Problems: If you have other health issues, work with your doctor to manage them.
  • Special Shoe Inserts: Your doctor might recommend special inserts for your shoes to make your feet feel better.
  • Act Quickly: If you spot a sore or infection on your feet, don’t wait. So, get help from your doctor now.

In simple terms, taking care of your feet when you have diabetes is super important. These steps can help you keep your feet healthy and prevent foot ulcers.

Diet Tips For Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients

Eating a balanced and healthy diet is crucial for diabetic foot ulcer patients as it can help promote healing and prevent further complications. Here are some diet tips for diabetic foot ulcer patients:

1. Balanced Meals

Focus on balanced meals that include a variety of foods from different food groups. These should include:

  • Carbohydrates: Choose complex carbohydrates like whole grains, vegetables, and legumes, which have a slower impact on blood sugar levels. Limit sugary and refined carbohydrate intake.
  • Protein: Include lean sources of protein like chicken, turkey, fish, tofu, and beans to aid in wound healing and also tissue repair.
  • Healthy Fats: Opt for sources of healthy fats such as avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil. These can help reduce inflammation and support overall health.
  • Fiber: High-fiber foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes can help control blood sugar levels and promote digestive health.

2. Portion Control

Pay attention to portion sizes to avoid overeating, which can lead to weight gain and blood sugar spikes.

3. Limit Sugary Foods

Minimize your consumption of sugary foods and beverages, as they can cause rapid blood sugar spikes. This includes avoiding sweets, sugary drinks, and also processed snacks.

4. Stay Hydrated

Drink plenty of water to stay well-hydrated, which is essential for overall health and wound healing.

5. Include Antioxidants

Foods rich in antioxidants like vitamins C and E can help with tissue repair. Include fruits (e.g., berries, citrus), vegetables (e.g., broccoli, spinach), and nuts in your diet.

6. Control Sodium Intake

Limit your salt intake to help manage blood pressure and reduce swelling, which can be beneficial for foot ulcer healing.

7. Consult A Dietitian

Consider working with a registered dietitian or nutritionist who specializes in diabetes management. They can, however, create a personalized meal plan that meets your specific dietary needs. Fitelo brings the best diet chart for diabetic patients to manage blood sugar naturally.

8. Meal Timing 

Space your meals evenly throughout the day to help maintain steady blood sugar levels. Avoid skipping meals.

9. Stay Consistent

Try to eat similar amounts of carbohydrates at each meal to maintain blood sugar consistency. This can also make it easier to adjust insulin or medications as needed.

10. Monitor Your Feet

Keep an eye on your feet and any changes in your foot ulcers. So, If you notice any worsening symptoms or signs of infection, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Remember that diet is just one part of managing diabetic foot ulcers. It should be combined with proper wound care, medication management, and regular follow-up with your healthcare team. Always follow your doctor’s advice and recommendations regarding your specific dietary needs.

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment

Treating diabetic foot ulcers is, however, important to heal the wound, prevent complications, and keep your feet healthy. Here’s a simple explanation of how it’s done:

Diabetic Foot Ulcer Treatment
  • Taking Care Of The Wound: Doctors clean the sore and remove any dead or infected skin. This helps the wound get better.
  • Protecting The Sore From Pressure: Special shoes or pads might be used to keep the weight off the sore. And this helps it heal without getting worse.
  • Fighting Infections: If there’s an infection, doctors give you a medicine called antibiotics to kill the germs.
  • Improving Blood Flow: Sometimes, blood doesn’t flow well to the foot. Doctors can do procedures to make the blood flow better and also help the wound heal.
  • Controlling Blood Sugar: Keeping your blood sugar levels in check is very important. You might need to eat the right foods and take medicine or insulin to manage your blood sugar.
  • Taking Care Of Your Feet: You’ll learn how to take care of your feet better. This includes checking them every day, keeping them clean and dry, and wearing good shoes.
  • Doctor’s Visits: You’ll need to see your doctor regularly to make sure the wound is healing well and to adjust the treatment if needed.
  • Surgery: In serious cases, surgery might be needed to clean the wound or, rarely, to remove a part of the foot.

Remember, following your doctor’s advice and taking good care of your feet can help the wound heal and prevent bigger problems. So, If you have diabetes an

Foods Recommended For Diabetic Foot Ulcer Patients 

Eat smart for better health! Explore the best foods for your well-being and also learn what to avoid for a healthier lifestyle. Make informed dietary choices today.

Foods To Include In Your MealsFoods To Avoid
TofuFried and processed foods
EggsHigh-fat dairy products
Skinless poultryRed meats and processed meats
Seafood and lean meatSweets and sugary foods
Brown riceAlcohol
BeansRefined grains and processed carbs
Whole wheat bread, cereals, and pastaCertain types of fish (herring, mackerel, sardines)
Fruits with the skin (like apples)Salty snacks and processed foods
Berries (like strawberries or blueberries)Caffeinated drinks
Remember, it’s not just about what you eat but also about portion sizes and overall balance. So, It’s a good idea to work with a healthcare provider or dietitian to create a meal plan that suits your specific needs if you have diabetes or other dietary concerns.

Message From Fitelo 

Diabetic foot ulcers are a serious complication of diabetes that can lead to severe health issues if not managed properly. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options is crucial for individuals with diabetes and their caregivers. 

Moreover, early detection and a proactive approach to foot care can help prevent these ulcers and their potentially devastating consequences, allowing individuals with diabetes to lead healthier and more active lives. “Hope this is helpful”

How To Lose Belly Fat: Steps To Reduced Belly Fat | Fitelo

Watch this video and review everything from food to workout regimens and lifestyle changes:

Inspiring Transformation Story

Meet Jyoti. Before her wedding, she contacted Fitelo in search of a customized pre-wedding diet plan. Isn’t it remarkable that she shed 7 kg in 25 days with the assistance of Fiteloe Xperts and her commitment? You may read her entire story here.

Fun Fact

Did you know? Swap traditional grains for non-grain attas like Buckwheat during Navratri. It’s high in protein, and fiber, and gluten-free, making it a healthy choice for weight management. Click here!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Diabetic Foot Infection Be Cured?

Yes, diabetic foot infections can be cured with early and proper treatment, including antibiotics and also wound care. However, early detection and comprehensive management are crucial for successful outcomes.

How Do You Treat Early Stage Diabetic Foot Ulcers?

To treat early-stage diabetic foot ulcers, it’s essential to keep the wound clean and protected with a sterile dressing. Moreover, reducing pressure on the affected foot is crucial, which can be achieved with specialized footwear or orthotic devices. 

What Is The First Aid For Diabetic Foot?

First Aid. If any minor injuries should happen to you (e.g. cuts, bruises) clean the area and apply a mild antiseptic cream (e.g. Savlon). So, DO NOT apply adhesive strappings directly to the area or wrap the strapping around the toes, as this will restrict circulation.

CTA ImageCTA Image

Contact Us Today

Your search to find the right guidance to be a part of all those fat-to-fit stories ends here. So, contact us today if you are looking for a diet plan with cheat meals. Also, we will discuss how we can help you achieve your weight loss goals.


This blog post was written to help you to make healthy and better food choices altogether. So, be aware and take care. The important thing to consider is your own health before starting a diet that is restrictive. Always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy. Enjoy a long happy life.

No Thoughts on How To Prevent Diabetic Foot Ulcers?

Leave A Comment

The first step to a healthier you starts here. Talk to our experts now

Get access to 1000+ healthy and tasty recipes, fitness tips and more. Subscribe to our newsletter