Presenting You With Kidney Friendly Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient

Anjali Jaiswal

Anjali Jaiswal
Jun 2023

2 min read
diet plan for dialysis patient

Table of content

Welcome to our interactive blog on creating a nourishing diet plan for dialysis patient. If you or someone you know is undergoing kidney dialysis, this blog is designed to provide you with valuable insights and practical tips to support your journey toward optimal health.

A dialysis-friendly diet plays a crucial role in managing kidney health, minimizing complications, and maintaining overall well-being. By carefully considering your food choices, you can help control essential nutrients and support your body’s needs.

In this blog, we will explore various aspects of a diet plan for dialysis patient, including a focus on an Indian diet chart, addressing specific dietary considerations, and incorporating a low-cholesterol approach.

Let’s embark on this journey together and discover how we can nourish our bodies while undergoing dialysis.

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What Is Dialysis?

Dialysis is a medical procedure that helps filter waste products, excess fluids, and toxins from the blood when the kidneys are unable to perform this function effectively. There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

1. Hemodialysis

  • Hemodialysis involves using a machine called a dialyzer (artificial kidney) to filter the blood outside the body. The blood is pumped through the dialyzer, where waste and excess fluids are removed, and then returned to the body.
  • Hemodialysis is typically performed three times a week in a dialysis center or hospital, with each session lasting around 3-4 hours.

2. Peritoneal Dialysis

  • Peritoneal dialysis involves using the body’s own peritoneal membrane as a filter. A cleansing fluid (dialysate) is introduced into the abdominal cavity through a catheter, and waste products and excess fluids pass from the blood vessels into the dialysate.
  • So, peritoneal dialysis can be done at home, allowing for more flexibility and independence. It can be performed manually or with the help of a machine called a cycler.

What Are The Symptoms Of Dialysis Patients?

Dialysis patients may experience various symptoms due to their underlying kidney disease and the dialysis treatment itself. Here are some common symptoms that dialysis patients may experience:


Feeling excessively tired or lacking energy is a common symptom among dialysis patients. It also can be caused by anemia (low red blood cell count) or fluid and electrolyte imbalances.

Fluid Overload

However, dialysis patients may experience fluid retention, leading to swelling in the legs, ankles, or other parts of the body. This can occur if fluid intake exceeds the prescribed limits or if dialysis treatments are missed.

Shortness Of Breath

Excess fluid in the lungs can cause breathing difficulties and a feeling of shortness of breath. It may occur when fluid is not adequately removed during dialysis.

Changes In Urination 

Dialysis patients may notice changes in their urine output, such as decreased urine production or no urine output at all. This is because dialysis replaces the kidney’s function of eliminating waste products and excess fluids.


Pruritus, or persistent itching, is a common symptom among dialysis patients. Moreover, it can be caused by the build-up of waste products and minerals in the blood or dry skin.

Muscle Cramps

Dialysis patients may experience muscle cramps, especially during or after dialysis treatment. Electrolyte imbalances and fluid shifts can contribute to muscle cramps.

Nausea And Vomiting 

Some dialysis patients may experience nausea and vomiting, particularly when waste products build up or if they do not adhere to dietary and fluid restrictions.

Changes In Appetite And Taste

So, Dialysis patients may experience changes in their appetite and taste preferences. They may have a decreased desire to eat or notice alterations in the taste of food.

Sleep Problems

Many dialysis patients have difficulty sleeping, experiencing insomnia or restless sleep patterns. Factors such as fluid overload, discomfort during treatments, or changes in medications can contribute to sleep disturbances, and also you can follow the best time sleep routine.

Nutrition And Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient

A renal diet plan for dialysis patient maintains overall health and manages certain nutrient and mineral imbalances. Here are some key dietary considerations:

1. Fluid Intake

Dialysis patients often need to restrict fluid intake to avoid fluid overload and related complications. So, the specific fluid restriction is determined by the healthcare team based on individual needs and residual kidney function.

2. Sodium (Salt) Intake

Limiting sodium helps control fluid retention and blood pressure and ensures a healthy diet plan for kidney dialysis. Avoid processed and packaged foods, and fast food, and limit the use of table salt. Hence, use herbs, spices, lemon juice, or vinegar to enhance flavor.

3. Protein Intake

Protein is important for dialysis patients to maintain muscle mass and support overall health. However, the amount of protein may need to be adjusted based on individual needs and residual kidney function. Focus on high-quality protein sources such as lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, and plant-based options like beans, lentils, tofu, and quinoa.

4. Phosphorus and Potassium Control

Diseased kidneys struggle to remove phosphorus and potassium from the body, so dialysis patients need to monitor their intake of foods high in these minerals and to have a low potassium diet. Limit high-phosphorus foods like dairy products, nuts, seeds, and processed meats. Control potassium by moderating intake of bananas, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, and avocados.

5. Calcium and Vitamin D

Dialysis patients often have reduced bone health. Include calcium-rich foods like dairy products, fortified plant-based milk, and green leafy vegetables. Adequate vitamin D levels are also crucial, so discuss supplementation with your healthcare team.

Indian Diet Meal Plan For Dialysis Patients

So, here is an Indian diet plan for kidney dialysis patient diet chart help them to plan their meals:


  • Vegetable poha (flattened rice) with added vegetables like peas, carrots, and bell peppers.
  • A small bowl of curd (low-fat or skimmed milk curd good for weight loss.
  • A glass of cranberry juice.

Mid-Morning Snack

  • A handful of soaked almonds or a fruit of your choice (preferably low-potassium options like apple or pear) is a healthy diet plan for dialysis patient.


  • A small bowl of rice with dal (lentils) or legumes.
  • A portion of cooked vegetables (avoid high-potassium vegetables like spinach or tomatoes).
  • A cucumber and carrot salad with lemon dressing.
  • A glass of buttermilk (low-fat or skimmed milk).

Evening Snack

  • A small bowl of sprouts or a boiled egg.


  • A portion of grilled or baked chicken/fish/tofu.
  • A serving of chapati (Indian bread) or a small bowl of brown rice.
  • A side of lightly cooked vegetables (choose low-potassium options).
  • A small bowl of curd (low-fat or skimmed milk curd).

Bedtime Snack

  • A glass of low-potassium fruit juice or a small serving of low-potassium fruit salad is a healthy meal plan for dialysis patients.

Lifestyle Considerations For Dialysis Patients

In addition to diet plan for dialysis patient, certain lifestyle factors and nutrition are important:

  • Medications and Treatment: Basically, dialysis patients typically have prescribed medications and regular dialysis sessions. It’s important to take medications as directed and attend all scheduled treatments to maintain the effectiveness of dialysis and manage underlying conditions.
  • Fluid and Weight Monitoring: Dialysis patients are often advised to monitor their weight and fluid balance. Also, regularly weigh yourself and report any sudden weight gain to your healthcare team, as it could indicate fluid retention.
  • Physical Activity Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient: Staying physically active within the limitations set by your healthcare team can help improve overall well-being.

Additional Tips To Add To Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient

  1. Stay physically active within your doctor’s recommendations.
  2. Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption.
  3. Take your prescribed medications as directed by your healthcare team.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight by following portion control and consuming.

Lose Weight Without Exercise With Fitelo

A banker from Ludhiana named Riffat used Fitelo to lose 12 kg in just 60 days. Her primary focus was on her eating plan, which included her favorite foods and cheat days to keep her motivated despite leading a sedentary lifestyle. Fitelo made her journey fun and helped her fall in love with very delicious smoothie recipes.

So let’s explore her motivational journey in more detail.

Neeru Bajwa Fitness Secret ( What I eat in a day ) | Fitness Tips | Diet Plan

Are you curious to learn Neeru Bajwa’s health secret? If so, watch this brief video to learn her secret.

Fun Fact

Do You Know! Among all the myths running around nutrition, one of the most common is- “I don’t need to eat the yolk; it’s better for my health to just eat egg whites.”

The driving force of this myth is – Egg yolk has fat and cholesterol and consuming it would make me fat and mess with my heart health. WELL, EGG YOLK IS WAY HEALTHIER IN COMPARISON WITH EGG WHITE.

Let’s take look a few facts into consideration on this note.

Frequently Asked Question

What Is Diet Plan For Dialysis Patients?

A diet plan for dialysis patients includes lean proteins, limited phosphorus and potassium, controlled sodium intake, fluid management, and also individualized nutrient monitoring.

What are the common side effects of dialysis?

Common side effects of dialysis include low blood pressure, muscle cramps, fatigue, itching, sleep problems, and changes in appetite.

What Food You Can Eat If You Are Following Kidney Dialysis?

Include lean meats, fish, eggs, low-phosphorus fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats, and also be mindful of sodium and fluid intake.

What Foods Can You Add To A Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient?

Low-phosphorus fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and low-sodium foods are recommended for a dialysis patient’s diet plan.

What Foods You Should Avoid In A Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient?

To follow a diet plan for a dialysis patient, the individual should avoid processed foods, high-potassium, and sodium rich foods, as well as foods high in phosphorus.

Where Can You Get The Best Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient?

You can get the best and most customized diet plan at Fitelo.

What Is The Best Tip To Follow In A Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient?

Consulting with a Fitelo registered dietitian specializing in kidney disease is the best tip to follow in a diet plan for a dialysis patient.

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Contact Us Today

We’re never leaving you hanging with doubts, queries, as well as confusing questions. We understand how all this information gets overwhelming as well as a little confusing on your way to a healthy lifestyle. Hence, you can always contact us at any time as our experts are here to guide you 24/7. Also, we will help you achieve your weight loss goals.


This blog post was written to help you to make healthy and better food choices altogether. So, be aware and take care. The important thing to consider is your health before starting a restrictive diet. Always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy as well as Enjoy a long happy life.

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