How To Control Thyroid In Female: Thyroid Health Unlocked

Aishwarya Aneesh

Aishwarya Aneesh
Feb 2023

2 min read
How to control thyroid in female

Table of content

Thyroid disorders are becoming a common affliction for women in today’stoday’s fast-paced world. Still, it doesn’t have to be a struggle. A well-functioning thyroid gland is essential to regulate your body’sbody’s metabolism, energy levels, and overall well-being. When hormones produced by the thyroid are out of balance, it can lead to various health issues, from fatigue and weight changes to irregular menstrual cycles and infertility. In this article, we will dive deeper into how to control the thyroid in female.

The struggle of women with thyroid problems goes beyond physical symptoms. In India, there is still a significant lack of awareness about thyroid disorders and their impact on women’s health. This lack of understanding leads to delayed diagnoses, misdiagnoses, and inadequate treatment, leaving many women helpless and alone in their struggle.

However, with the right approach, you can take control of your thyroid health and live life to the fullest. From incorporating a balanced diet and reducing stress to engaging in regular physical activity and seeking regular check-ups with your doctor, there are many steps you can take to keep your thyroid functioning optimally.

In addition, the stigma surrounding thyroid problems can add to the emotional and psychological toll on women. Despite these challenges, women in India must take charge of their health and educate themselves about thyroid disorders. Women with thyroid problems can overcome their struggles and live fulfilling lives by seeking early diagnosis and proper treatment.

What Is Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones regulating various bodily functions. These hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), are important for maintaining proper metabolic rate, body temperature, heart rate, and weight management. The thyroid produces these hormones in response to stimulation from the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, which release hormones that signal the thyroid to produce and release its hormones. 

Thyroid hormones play a critical role in regulating the body’s metabolism, which is the process by which the body converts food into energy. When the thyroid gland produces too much or too little of these hormones, it can lead to imbalances that can cause various health problems. 

For example, an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can lead to fatigue, weight gain, and sensitivity to colds. In contrast, an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can cause symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, weight loss, and sensitivity to heat.

In addition to imbalances, the thyroid can also be affected by various autoimmune disorders, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’s disease, which can cause the thyroid to become underactive or overactive. The thyroid can also be affected by various types of cancer, such as papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. Overall, the thyroid plays a crucial role in maintaining proper bodily function. Individuals need to be aware of their thyroid health and seek medical attention if they suspect a problem.

Difference Between Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are two conditions that affect the thyroid gland and its hormone production.

Hypothyroidism, also known as an underactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. This can cause a slowing of the body’s metabolism, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, sensitivity to cold, dry skin, hair loss, and depression. In severe cases, hypothyroidism can also cause joint pain and swelling, muscle weakness, and an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter).

On the other side, hyperthyroidism happens when the thyroid gland produces excessive thyroid hormone. This can cause an acceleration of the body’s metabolism, leading to symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, weight loss, sweating, nervousness, and sensitivity to heat. Hyperthyroidism can also cause muscle weakness, tremors, and difficulty sleeping. In severe cases, hyperthyroidism can cause an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) and an eye condition known as Graves ophthalmopathy, which can cause bulging eyes, double vision, and light sensitivity.

Symptoms Of Thyroid In Female

Symptoms of thyroid dysfunction in women can vary depending on whether the thyroid is underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism). Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Dry skin
  • Hair loss
  • Depression
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Muscle weakness
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

On the other hand, some common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Weight loss
  • Sweating
  • Nervousness
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Muscle weakness
  • Tremors
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)
  • Graves’Graves’ ophthalmopathy (bulging eyes, double vision, light sensitivity)

Causes Of Thyroid In Female

The causes of these two conditions can vary, but some common causes include the following:


  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: An autoimmune disorder that causes thyroid gland inflammation and can lead to hypothyroidism. It’s a painless disease where the body’s cell attacks and damage the thyroid.
  • Thyroidectomy: Removal of the thyroid gland, either as a treatment for thyroid cancer or as a treatment for hyperthyroidism.
  • Radioactive Iodine Treatment: A treatment for hyperthyroidism that uses a radioactive form of iodine to damage the thyroid gland and reduce its hormone production
  • Lithium: A medication used to treat bipolar disorder that can interfere with the thyroid gland’s hormone production
  • Iodine Deficiency: A lack of iodine in the diet can cause the thyroid gland to produce too little thyroid hormone
  • Congenital Hypothyroidism: A condition present at birth that causes the thyroid gland not to produce enough thyroid hormone. Approximately 1 in 4,000 newborns are born with a thyroid that doesn’t function properly. If left untreated, it can lead to both physical and mental health problems in the future. 


  • Grave’s Disease: It’s an autoimmune disorder that causes the thyroid gland to produce too much thyroid hormone.
  • Thyroid Nodules: Small lumps that can develop in the thyroid gland and can cause the gland to produce too much thyroid hormone.
  • Thyroiditis: It’s an Inflammation of the thyroid gland that can cause it to release too much thyroid hormone into the bloodstream.
  • Tumors: Non-cancerous or cancerous growths that can develop in the thyroid gland and cause it to produce too much thyroid hormone.
  • Excessive Iodine Intake: Taking large amounts of iodine supplements can cause the thyroid gland to produce too much thyroid hormone. Excess iodine can be found in medications like amiodarone (a heart drug) and certain cough syrups.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect a problem with your thyroid gland, as proper treatment can help manage the symptoms and improve overall health.

How Does The Female Body React To the Thyroid?

The female body’s reproductive system and the thyroid gland are primarily related. Therefore, any abnormality in the gland’s capacity or tendency to secrete hormones affects the reproductive system at various phases. The female body is affected negatively by thyroid dysfunction in the ways listed below.

Thyroid disease causes improper control of puberty and menstruation, which results in early puberty onset or irregular menstrual cycles. Amenorrhea, or the absence of menstruation altogether, can also result from excessive thyroid dysfunction.
In females of reproductive age, an overactive or underactive thyroid can hinder or inhibit ovulation. The thyroid gland’s under-secretion places the ovary at a significant risk of developing cysts.

Thyroid imbalance can dramatically affect fetal growth or cause postpartum thyroiditis during pregnancy and the postpartum period. A major cause of miscarriage, stillbirth, early delivery, and postpartum hemorrhage is extreme thyroid insufficiency or hypothyroidism. Morning sickness becomes severe in cases of hyperthyroidism or excessive thyroid hormone release.

The early start of menopause in women, typically within the first 40 years of life, is also linked to thyroid disease. Women’s thyroid disease symptoms frequently resemble menopausal ones. As a result, if the symptoms of a thyroid condition are appropriately and promptly managed, menopause may be postponed.

How To Control Hypothyroidism In Female

Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, can be effectively managed with hormone replacement therapy and healthy lifestyle changes. Here are some steps that can help control thyroid in female:

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy: Synthetic thyroid hormone replacement therapy is the most common treatment for hypothyroidism. This involves taking a daily dose of levothyroxine, which replaces the thyroid hormone that the body is not producing adequately.
  • Monitoring: Regular hormone levels and overall health monitoring is important to ensure that treatment works effectively. This may involve blood tests and other tests as needed.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Eating a balanced diet that includes adequate amounts of iodine, reducing stress, and regular exercise can help manage symptoms and improve overall health.
  • Avoiding Medications That Interfere With Thyroid Hormone Replacement: Certain medications, such as iron supplements and some antacids, can interfere with the absorption of thyroid hormone replacement. It’sIt’s important to discuss any medications or supplements with a healthcare provider to avoid potential interactions.
  • Pregnancy And Breastfeeding: Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may need to adjust their dose of thyroid hormone replacement. Regular monitoring and consultation with a healthcare provider are important to ensure that both the mother and baby are healthy.

How To Control Hyperthyroidism In Female

Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, can be effectively managed with medical treatment, lifestyle changes, and monitoring. Here are some steps that can help control hyperthyroidism in females:

  • Medication: Common treatment for reducing thyroid hormone production and relieving symptoms is using anti-thyroid drugs. Beta-blockers can also be used to control heart rate and tremors.
  • Radioactive Iodine Therapy: This treatment involves taking a small dose of radioactive iodine, which is absorbed by the thyroid gland and reduces its hormone production.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland may be necessary. This option is usually considered when other treatments have failed or if the patient has other health problems.
  • Lifestyle changes: Eating a balanced diet, reducing stress, and getting regular exercise can help manage symptoms and improve overall health.
  • Monitoring: Regular hormone levels and overall health monitoring is important to ensure that treatment works effectively. This may involve blood tests, ultrasound scans, and other tests as needed.

How To Control Thyroid In Female By Food

Diet can play an important role in managing thyroid health, especially for those with hypothyroidism. Here are some dietary tips for controlling thyroid function in females:

  • Eat adequate amounts of iodine. It is essential to produce thyroid hormones, so it’s important to include iodine-rich foods in your diet. Iodized salt, dairy products, and shellfish are all excellent sources of iodine.
  • Incorporate selenium-rich foods into your diet. Selenium is another important nutrient for thyroid health. Brazil nuts, poultry, and seafood contain goitrogens.
  • Eat a well-balanced diet. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can provide the nutrients needed for healthy thyroid function.
  • Limit soy intake. It contains compounds that can interfere with thyroid function, so limiting soy products for those with hypothyroidism is important.
  • Avoid goitrogens. They are substances found in certain foods that can interfere with thyroid function and should be limited, especially for those with hypothyroidism. Goitrogens can be found in raw cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage.

It’s important to keep in mind that while dietary changes can help manage thyroid function, they should be combined with other treatments and monitored under the supervision of a healthcare provider.

Best Foods To Boost Your Thyroid

Here are some foods that can help support thyroid health:

Foods To control thyroid in female
  1. Seafood: Rich in iodine, which is essential for thyroid hormone production.
  2. Brazil nuts: High in selenium, which is a key nutrient for proper thyroid function.
  3. Leafy greens: Good source of tyrosine and iron, both important for healthy thyroid hormone production.
  4. Berries: Antioxidant-rich fruits that can help to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the thyroid.
  5. Eggs: Rich in tyrosine and choline, both important for healthy thyroid hormone production.
  6. Fermented foods: Such as kefir and yogurt, can help to maintain a healthy gut microbiome, which is important for overall thyroid health.
  7. Coconut oil: Contains medium-chain triglycerides which can provide the body with a quick source of energy and support a healthy metabolism.
  8. Sweet potatoes: Good source of complex carbohydrates and contain vitamins and minerals like vitamins A, C, and iron that are important for thyroid health.
  9. Ginger: Has anti-inflammatory properties and may help to reduce oxidative stress and improve thyroid function.
  10. Adequate protein: Include a source of lean protein, such as chicken, turkey, or legumes, in every meal to support thyroid hormone production.

Worst Food For Your Thyroid

Here are some foods that can negatively impact thyroid health:

Foods to avoid for thyroid control
  1. Gluten-containing grains: Such as wheat, barley, and rye.
  2. Soy products: Such as tofu, tempeh, and soy milk.
  3. Processed foods: High in refined carbohydrates and added sugars, such as baked goods, sugary snacks, and processed snack bars.
  4. Cruciferous vegetables: Such as broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts, in large quantities can interfere with thyroid hormone function.
  5. Foods high in goitrogens: Goitrogens are compounds that can interfere with thyroid hormone synthesis and can be found in foods such as millet, cassava, and sweet potatoes.
  6. Processed vegetable oils: Such as corn, soybean, and canola oil, are high in omega-6 fatty acids and can contribute to inflammation in the body.
  7. Artificial sweeteners: Such as aspartame and sucralose, have been linked to oxidative stress and negative impacts on gut health, both of which can negatively impact thyroid function.
  8. Alcohol: Chronic excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with the absorption and utilization of important nutrients for thyroid health, such as iodine and selenium.
  9. Caffeine: Excessive caffeine intake can increase stress levels and contribute to inflammation, which can negatively impact thyroid function.
  10. Certain raw foods: Such as raw cruciferous vegetables and cassava contain goitrogens that can interfere with thyroid hormone synthesis.

    Again, it’s important to remember that everyone’s nutritional needs are unique and it’s best to consult with a healthcare provider before making any significant changes to your diet.

Diet Chart For Hypothyroidism

Maintaining a healthy diet is crucial to avoiding or preventing hypothyroidism. The ideal approach is, however, to adhere to a thyroid-specific diet plan that includes the finest foods for thyroid patients.

How To Control Thyroid In Female By Exercise

Exercise can help regulate hormones and improve overall health, making it an important aspect of managing thyroid function in females. Here are some tips for using exercise to control thyroid in female:

  • Aim to engage in regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming, at least 3-4 times per week.
  • Cardiovascular exercise such as running or cycling can help regulate hormones and improve heart health, which is important for those with thyroid problems.
  • Strength training exercises, such as weightlifting, can help build muscle mass and improve overall physical health.
  • Mind-body practices like yoga and mindfulness can help reduce stress, which is important for managing thyroid health.

Here are some of the best exercises to manage thyroid health:

  • Aerobic Exercise: Aerobic exercises such as walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming can help regulate hormones and improve overall health.
  • Strength Training: Strength training exercises, such as weightlifting, can help build muscle mass, which can benefit those with hypothyroidism.
  • Yoga And Mindfulness Practices: Mind-body practices like yoga and mindfulness can help reduce stress, which is important for managing thyroid health.
  • High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): HIIT can be effective for those with hypothyroidism. It can help boost metabolism and improve overall physical health.
  • Pilates: Pilates is a low-impact form of exercise that can help improve balance and flexibility and benefit those with thyroid problems.
CTA ImageCTA Image

How To Control Thyroid In Female During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it’s important to monitor and control your thyroid function to ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery. Here are some steps you can take in detail:

  • Get Tested: Have your thyroid function regularly tested, especially if you have a history of thyroid problems. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels are typically checked during the first trimester and then again later in pregnancy.
  • Take Medication As Prescribed: If you have hypothyroidism, take your medication as prescribed by your doctor. Your doctor may adjust the dose during pregnancy, as the increased demand for hormones may require a higher dose.
  • Eat A Healthy Diet: Include foods rich in iodine, such as dairy products, seafood, and iodized salt, in your diet. Iodine is necessary for the thyroid to operate properly.
  • Avoid Radiation Exposure: Limit exposure to radiation from x-rays and other sources, as this can harm the thyroid. If you need an x-ray, inform your doctor that you are pregnant.
  • Stay Physically Active: Regular exercise can help regulate hormone levels and boost overall health. However, avoid strenuous activities or exercises that may harm you or your baby.
  • Monitor Symptoms: Report any changes in symptoms, such as fatigue, weight gain, or depression, to your doctor immediately.
  • Treat Other Health Conditions: If you have other health conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, ensure they are well-controlled during pregnancy. These conditions can affect the thyroid and vice versa.

It’s important to follow your doctor’s advice and work closely with them to manage your thyroid during pregnancy. Good thyroid function during pregnancy is essential for the health of both the mother and the baby.

More Ways To Control Thyroid In Female

Certainly, here is some additional information that may help manage thyroid during pregnancy:

  • Avoid Goitrogens: Some foods contain goitrogens, which can interfere with the function of the thyroid. Some examples include soy products, cruciferous vegetables (such as broccoli and cauliflower), and peanuts. Suppose you have an autoimmune condition or a history of thyroid problems. In that case, avoiding these foods or limiting your intake may be best.
  • Watch For Signs Of Hyperthyroidism: In rare cases, pregnant women may develop hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid). Signs of this condition include rapid heartbeat, sweating, weight loss, and anxiety. You must inform your doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.
  • Consider A Prenatal Vitamin: Prenatal vitamins typically contain iodine, which is important for the proper functioning of the thyroid. Talk to your doctor about taking a prenatal vitamin, especially if you are not getting enough iodine from your diet.
  • Consult With A Specialist: If you have a history of thyroid problems or are at high risk for developing them, you may benefit from seeing a specialist who has experience treating thyroid disorders during pregnancy. This can ensure that your condition is managed appropriately and that you and your baby receive the best care possible.
  • Be Prepared For Postpartum Changes: After delivery, your thyroid hormone levels may fluctuate as your body adjusts to the hormonal changes after pregnancy. Your doctor may recommend monitoring your thyroid function after delivery to ensure your levels remain healthy.

Inspirational Weight Loss With Thyroid

Lovepreet was struggling hard to lose weight with her thyroid. With our customized diet plan for hypothyroidism, she had a remarkable weight loss of 25 kgs in just 6 months. To get more inspiration read more.

A Word From Fitelo

It’s important to remember that thyroid is a manageable condition, and working closely with a healthcare provider can help ensure effective control and management of symptoms. Treatment may take some time, but it is possible to lead a healthy and fulfilling life with the right combination of medical intervention and lifestyle changes to control thyroid in female.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How To Control Thyroid In Female Through Food?

Ans: There’s no specific food that reduces thyroid, but a healthy and balanced diet that includes leafy greens, seafood, nuts and seeds, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein can support overall thyroid health by providing essential vitamins and minerals, such as iodine, selenium, and vitamin D.

Q: How Can A Woman Balance Her Thyroid?

Ans: Balancing thyroid hormones in women involves maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, avoiding goitrogens, and possibly taking medication prescribed by a doctor.

Q: What Is The Best Exercise To Control Thyroid In Female?

Ans: Any form of regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, or weightlifting, can benefit the thyroid and overall health. The best exercise for the thyroid is the one that is regularly practiced and fits an individual’s ability and preferences. 

Q: How Can I Take Care Of My Thyroid Naturally?

Ans: To care for your thyroid naturally, eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, manage stress, get enough sleep, limit exposure to toxins, and see a doctor regularly.

Q: Can Exercise Help To Control Thyroid In Female?

Ans: Exercise can help regulate thyroid hormones and maintain a healthy weight, which can benefit thyroid health. However, exercise alone may not fully control thyroid conditions, and medication prescribed by a doctor may also be necessary. 

Fun Fact

Snacking on unhealthy foods can soon or later lead to many health problems. Do you know, Almonds are the best snack if you’re on a thyroid diet or weight loss diet? To know the top 5 reasons to snack on Almonds, click the above link.

Contact Us Today

If you’re searching for the right guidance as well as better assistance, then your search to find the right guidance to be a part of all those fat-to-fit stories ends here. So, contact us today if you are looking for a diet plan with cheat meals. Also, we will discuss how we can help you achieve your weight loss goals.


This blog post was written to help you to make healthy and better food choices altogether. So, be aware and take care. In addition, it is important thing to consider your health before starting a restrictive diet. However, always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy, and also Enjoy a long happy life.

No Thoughts on How To Control Thyroid In Female: Thyroid Health Unlocked

Leave A Comment

The first step to a healthier you starts here. Talk to our experts now

Get access to 500+ healthy and tasty recipes, fitness tips and more. Subscribe to our newsletter