PCOD Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Himani Bhandari

Himani Bhandari
Sep 2023

2 min read
PCOD Symptoms

Table of content

PCOD symptoms, a cluster of distressing manifestations, are often associated with polycystic ovary disease, commonly known as PCOD. This prevalent hormonal disorder affects millions of individuals worldwide, predominantly those in their reproductive years.

According to recent surveys, PCOD problem symptoms impact approximately 10% of women of childbearing age, making it one of the most common endocrine disorders. It’s worth noting that PCOD can also affect teenagers, with about 5–10% of girls and young women in their teenage years suffering from this condition.

In this blog, we will understand the symptoms of PCOD and their treatment, explore their causes, and provide valuable insights on managing and seeking PCOD problem solutions.

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What Is PCOD?

Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD), is a common endocrine disorder affecting millions of women worldwide. Symptoms of PCOD problems in females can have a significant impact on a woman’s reproductive health, hormonal balance, and overall well-being.

This complex disorder is characterized by a range of symptoms, each of which can vary in severity from person to person. From irregular menstrual cycles and hormonal imbalances to weight gain, excessive hair growth, and fertility challenges, the symptoms of PCOD can significantly impact a person’s quality of life.

Difference Between PCOS And PCOD

PCOD and PCOS are frequently mixed up, but both are separate conditions even though they exhibit similar symptoms.

  • PCOD is a hormonal disorder that can be controlled with dietary and lifestyle adjustments. It can be resolved without the need for medication or treatment.
  • Conversely, PCOS is an endocrine disorder in which women produce higher-than-normal levels of male hormones, known as androgens. This disruption affects the development and release of eggs.
  • In PCOS, some of these eggs transform into cysts, small fluid-filled sacs, which can disrupt menstrual cycles and potentially block the ovaries entirely. If left untreated, PCOS can result in long-term health issues.

What Are The Symptoms Of PCOD?

PCOD symptoms can be identified by a wide range of signs, but the impact is different in individuals. Let’s look at some of the most typical Symptoms of PCOD.


Irregular Periods:

  • Menstrual Cycle Disruptions: Women with PCOD often experience irregular menstrual cycles, which can vary in length and may be infrequent. This irregularity may manifest as cycles that are too short or too long, making it challenging to predict when the next period will occur.
  • Heavy or Prolonged Bleeding: Some may also face heavy or prolonged periods, leading to discomfort and anemia concerns. Excessive bleeding can result in fatigue and further exacerbate the irregularity of menstrual cycles.

Fluctuations In Weight:

  • Weight Gain: PCOD can lead to unexplained weight gain, particularly around the abdomen. This weight gain can be frustrating and challenging to manage despite dietary and exercise efforts.
  • Difficulty Losing Weight: Individuals with PCOD may find it challenging to shed excess pounds, despite adopting a healthy lifestyle. Hormonal imbalances associated with PCOD can affect metabolism and make it harder to lose weight.

Hair Growth (Hirsutism):

  • Excessive Facial Hair: One of the hallmark symptoms, PCOD can cause the growth of coarse, dark hair on the face and other body areas (hirsutism). This can significantly impact self-esteem and body image.


  • Ovarian Cysts: PCOD is characterized by the presence of small, fluid-filled sacs (cysts) on the ovaries. These cysts are a key diagnostic feature of the condition and can be detected through medical imaging such as ultrasound.
  • Potential for Pelvic Pain: Although not always painful, these cysts can sometimes cause pelvic discomfort or pain. In some cases, cysts may rupture, leading to acute pain and the need for medical attention.

Hair Loss And Thinning:

  • Scalp Hair Thinning: Apart from excessive facial hair, PCOD can lead to hair thinning or loss on the scalp. This hair loss can be diffuse or appear as a widening part, often resembling male-pattern baldness.
  • Hormonal imbalances, specifically elevated levels of androgens (male hormones), in women with PCOD, typically lead to gradual hair loss. You can try yoga for PCOS hair loss.


  • Chronic Inflammation: PCOD can contribute to chronic low-grade inflammation in the body. This inflammation is related to insulin resistance, a common feature of PCOD.
  • Associated Health Risks: This inflammation may increase the risk of conditions like diabetes and heart disease, highlighting the importance of managing PCOD not only for fertility but also for overall health.

Trouble In Fertility:

  • Ovulation Difficulties: Irregular menstrual cycles and hormonal imbalances can hinder ovulation, making it difficult to conceive. Tracking ovulation becomes challenging, and conception may require medical assistance.
  • Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Some women with PCOD may require assisted reproductive treatments, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), or ovulation induction, to increase the chances of pregnancy.


  • Hormonal Acne: Hormonal imbalances associated with PCOD can lead to acne outbreaks, often on the face, chest, and back. These acne lesions may be deep and persistent, requiring specialized acne management.
  • Persistent Skin Issues: Acne in PCOD patients can be persistent and may not respond well to conventional treatments. Addressing the underlying hormonal imbalance is often key to managing acne effectively in these cases.

Causes Of PCOD Symptoms

The precise origin of PCOD remains uncertain. A combination of factors influences PCOD, categorizing it as a hormonal disorder. While several elements link to polycystic ovarian disorder, researchers have not identified a definitive cause.

  • Hereditary factors impact PCOD, and the risk increases when there is a family history of the disorder.
  • Excess body weight, especially abdominal obesity, is frequently associated with PCOD because it can cause insulin resistance and hormonal abnormalities.
  • Also, chronic inflammation in the body might lead to the development of PCOD and aggravate its symptoms.
  • PCOD is distinguished by high amounts of androgens (male hormones) such as testosterone, which disrupts the menstrual cycle.
  • Certainly, symptoms of PCOD are worsened by sedentary behavior, stress, and insufficient sleep.
  • Additionally, consuming processed foods and excessive sugar can contribute to insulin resistance and PCOD.
  • Inadequate nutrient intake can also impact hormone regulation and ovarian health in PCOD.
  • However, environmental factors like exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals may play a role in PCOD development.
  • Insulin resistance, often associated with PCOD, can result from excessive insulin production due to factors like obesity and diet.

What Are The Future Complications In PCOD?

PCOD is classified as a hormonal imbalance rather than a disease. Nonetheless, detecting it early can prevent potential complications down the road.

  • Infertility: PCOD disrupts ovulation, leading to menstrual irregularities and potential difficulties in conceiving.
  • Risk Of Diabetes: Insulin resistance associated with PCOD can progress to diabetes if not promptly treated.
  • Heart Disease: PCOD can elevate blood pressure, causing irregular heartbeats and also increasing the risk of heart-related issues.
  • Endometrial Cancer Risk: Delayed ovulation in PCOD raises the likelihood of endometrial cancer.
  • Depression: Hormonal imbalances during PCOD can contribute to depression in affected individuals. Early diagnosis is key to managing these complications effectively.

What Are The Diagnosis Process For PCOD Symptoms?

A thorough evaluation and accurate diagnosis are crucial for effective PCOD management and treatment planning.

  • Medical History And Symptoms: Assess menstrual history, symptoms, and family background.
  • Physical Examination: Check for signs like hirsutism, acne, and abdominal tenderness.
  • Pelvic Ultrasound: Visualize ovaries for cysts and enlargement.
  • Blood Tests: Measure hormone levels (testosterone, LH, FSH, insulin).
  • Glucose Tolerance Test: Evaluate insulin resistance and glucose metabolism.
  • Thyroid Function Tests: Rule out thyroid disorders.
  • Exclusion of Other Conditions: Eliminate disorders with similar symptoms.

PCOD Symptoms: Do’s And Don’ts To Keep In Mind

Following these guidelines can help symptoms of PCOD problems in females manage their symptoms and reduce potential complications.

Eat a balanced and healthy diet.Avoid refined flour and junk foods.
Get proper rest.Stay away from smoking.
Engage in regular exercise, yoga, or physical activities.Refrain from consuming alcohol or alcoholic beverages.
Maintain a healthy weight.Minimize stress as much as possible.
Take medications as prescribed and on time.Don’t ignore irregularities in your menstrual cycle.
Eat a balanced and healthy diet.Avoid refined flour and junk foods.

12 Tips To Manage The Symptoms Of PCOD Effectively

Here is a PCOD problem solution, as PCOD doesn’t have a specific medication. However, lifestyle and dietary adjustments can aid in its management:

  • Healthy Diet: Follow a balanced PCOD diet plan.
  • Sugar and Carbs: Limit sugar and refined carbohydrates.
  • High Fiber: Include fiber-rich foods in your diet.
  • Lean Proteins: Opt for lean protein sources.
  • Regular Exercise: Engage in routine physical activity.
  • Fresh Fruits And Veggies: Incorporate plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Avoid Junk Food: Steer clear of unhealthy snacks and saturated fats.
  • Estragon Control: Be mindful of foods that can boost estrogen levels.
  • Adequate Sleep: Ensure you get at least 8 hours of sleep.
  • Yoga: Practice yoga for stress reduction.
  • Stay Active: Keep yourself physically engaged.
  • Stress Management: Develop effective stress-coping strategies.

Essential Nutrients To Manage PCOD

  • Folate: Supports hormone regulation, found in leafy greens, citrus fruits, and beans.
  • Vitamin D: Aids in insulin sensitivity, sources include fortified foods, fatty fish, and sunlight.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Reduce inflammation, found in fatty fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts.
  • Chromium: Supports insulin function, sources include broccoli, potatoes, and whole grains.
  • Antioxidants (Vitamin C and E): Combat oxidative stress, found in fruits, vegetables, and nuts.
  • Magnesium: Enhances insulin sensitivity, sources include nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
  • Zinc: Regulates androgens, found in lean meats, poultry, and legumes.

Incorporating these nutrients into your diet can aid in PCOD management.

PCOD Symptoms And The Risk Of Pregnancy

  1. Conception Challenges: PCOD can make it harder to conceive due to irregular ovulation. Women with PCOD may require fertility treatments to become pregnant.
  2. Higher Risk of Miscarriage: There’s a slightly increased risk of miscarriage in women with PCOD.
  3. Gestational Diabetes: PCOD and insulin resistance can raise the risk of gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
  4. Preeclampsia: Some studies suggest a slightly elevated risk of preeclampsia, a condition characterized by high blood pressure and organ damage.
  5. Preterm Birth: PCOD may be associated with a higher likelihood of preterm birth.
  6. Large Babies: Babies of mothers with PCOD may be larger at birth due to gestational diabetes.
  7. Cesarean Section: There might be a higher chance of requiring a C-section due to gestational diabetes or other complications.

It’s essential for women with PCOD to work closely with healthcare providers when planning pregnancy. Lifestyle modifications, medication, and close monitoring can help manage PCOD symptoms and improve the chances of a healthy pregnancy.

Regular prenatal care is crucial to address any potential complications early and ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.

PCOS Weight Loss Tea Recipe

Here is the amazing recipe you can try at home if you see any PCOD or PCOS symptoms.

Fun Fact

Do you know Ghee is the nourisher and healer of the body? It benefits the entire body by balancing doshas and building dhatus or tissues. Here are the 5 reasons why ghee is better than refined oil.

Gurminder’s PCOD Struggle & Weight Loss Success Story

This is the moving tale of Delhi resident Gurminder’s transformation. She battled the complexity of PCOD and overcame the tremendous obstacles of weight loss. However, it was her unwavering will and unwavering patience that were crucial to her astounding feat of losing a stunning 27 kilos in just six months.

A Word From Fitelo On PCOD Symptoms

PCOD is a complex hormonal disorder that can significantly impact a woman’s physical and emotional well-being. However, with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, the symptoms of PCOD are manageable effectively and allow individuals to lead healthier lives.

If you suspect you may have PCOD or are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned in this guide, don’t hesitate to seek medical advice. Remember that you are not alone, and there are many resources and healthcare professionals available to support you on your journey to better health.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is PCOD A Lifelong Condition?

Although PCOD is a chronic disorder, it does not always imply a lifetime of severe symptoms. Many women improve with age or with proper management and therapy. It is critical to collaborate with healthcare providers to develop a personalized treatment plan.

Does PCOD Improve With Lifestyle Changes?

Yes, lifestyle changes such as eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and practicing stress management strategies can help control symptoms of PCOD. These modifications are frequently advised as a first-line therapy.

What Is The Link Between PCOD And Weight Gain?

Weight gain is frequently associated with PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) due to variables such as insulin resistance, hormonal abnormalities, and metabolic alterations. Insulin resistance can boost fat storage, while high androgens can stimulate belly fat formation, making weight management difficult.

What Are The Common Symptoms Of PCOD?

PCOD is characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, typically with rare or non-existent periods, ovulation issues, excess androgens producing hirsutism and acne, and the development of many tiny ovarian cysts seen on ultrasound. The intensity of these signs and symptoms of PCOD varies from person to person.

How Is PCOS Symptoms Diagnosed?

PCOS is often identified by taking into account a patient’s medical history, doing a physical exam, getting hormone levels checked in the blood, and having an ultrasound to look for ovarian cysts. Specific symptoms must be present like PCOS and stress, and other disorders must be ruled out, for a diagnosis to be made.

What Is The Difference Between PCOS And PCOD?

PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disease) typically refers to the presence of ovarian cysts, while PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a more comprehensive condition, involving hormonal imbalances, irregular periods, and various symptoms. PCOS is the preferred term as it covers the broader spectrum of the disorder.

Do All Women With PCOD Have Cysts On Their Ovaries?

No, not all PCOD patients have obvious ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are not always necessary for the diagnosis of PCOD, instead, a combination of symptoms, hormone abnormalities, and ultrasound results are used to make the diagnosis.

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Contact Us Today

We’re never leaving you hanging with doubts, queries, as well as confusing questions. We understand how all this information gets overwhelming as well as a little confusing on your way to a healthy lifestyle. Hence, you can always contact us at any time as our experts are here to guide you 24/7. Also, we will help you achieve your weight loss goals.


This blog post is to help you to make healthy and better food choices. So, be aware and take care. The important thing to consider is your health before starting a restrictive diet. Always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy as well, and Enjoy a long happy life.

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