Understanding Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) And Effective Treatment Approaches

Anjali Jaiswal

Anjali Jaiswal
Jul 2023

2 min read
Post traumatic stress disorder c

Table of content

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by very stressful, frightening, or distressing events.

It is a mental health issue that may develop after a traumatic event. It causes negative, anxious emotions. Some people with PTSD relive the event over and over. Others avoid any reminders of it. PTSD interferes with life, work, and relationships. But, medication and counseling can help, even years later.

Welcome to our interactive blog, where we’ll delve into post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We’ll explore what PTSD is, its curability, treatment options, and even touch upon alternative strategies. Additionally, we’ll provide insights into crafting a comprehensive treatment plan. So, let’s get started!

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What Is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

  • Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that’s triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the event.
  • Most people who go through traumatic events may have temporary difficulty adjusting and coping, but with time and good self-care, they usually get better. If the symptoms get worse, last for months or even years, and interfere with your day-to-day functioning, you may have PTSD.
  • Getting effective treatment after PTSD symptoms develop can be critical to reduce symptoms and improve function.
  • Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs in 5–10% of the population and is twice as common in women as in men. Although trauma exposure is the precipitating event for PTSD to develop, biological and psychosocial risk factors are increasingly viewed as predictors of symptom onset, severity, and chronicity.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

When someone has PTSD (Post traumatic stress disorder), they may experience a variety of symptoms. Here are some of the common ones:

1. Intrusive Memories

  • The person may have upsetting memories of the traumatic event that keep coming back. Hence, these memories can be very vivid and make the person feel like they are reliving the event. 
  • They may have nightmares about it or get sudden and unwanted thoughts about it during the day. 

2. Avoidance

  • People with PTSD often try to avoid anything that reminds them of the traumatic event. 
  • They may avoid talking about it, stay away from certain places or activities, or even avoid people who remind them of what happened.

3. Negative Changes In Thinking And Mood 

  • The person may have negative thoughts and feelings that are related to the trauma. They could feel very scared, angry, guilty, or ashamed. 
  • Also, they may lose interest in things they used to enjoy and have trouble feeling positive emotions. They may also feel like they are disconnected from other people.

4. Hyperarousal

  • This means being in a state of constant alertness and feeling on edge. People with PTSD may have trouble sleeping or have difficulty concentrating. 
  • They may startle easily and be jumpy. They might also feel irritable or have angry outbursts.

5. Re-Experiencing Symptoms

  • This is when the person has flashbacks or nightmares about the traumatic event. They might feel like they are actually back in that situation again, even though it’s not happening anymore. 
  • Certain things in the environment, like sounds or smells, can trigger these memories.

6. Cognitive And Mood Changes

  • People with PTSD may have problems with their memory and find it hard to focus on things. They have negative thoughts about themselves or the world around them. 
  • Also, feel disconnected from others and have a hard time imagining a positive future. They might feel guilty or ashamed about what happened, even if it wasn’t their fault.

7. Changes In Arousal And Reactivity 

  • This means that the person’s body and emotions are always on high alert. They may be easily startled, have trouble sleeping, or be constantly on the lookout for danger. 
  • They may also feel restless, irritable, or even engage in risky or self-destructive behaviors.

What Causes Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Researchers don’t know why some people get PTSD and others don’t. Genetics, neurobiology, risk factors, and personal factors may affect whether you get PTSD after a traumatic event.

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be caused by experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. Here are the key points:

  1. Your sex; women are more likely to develop PTSD
  2. Having had trauma in childhood
  3. Feeling horror, helplessness, or extreme fear
  4. Going through a traumatic event that lasts a long time
  5. Having little or no social support after the event
  6. Dealing with extra stress after the event, such as the loss of a loved one, pain, and injury, or loss of a job or home
  7. Having a history of mental illness or substance use

Note: PTSD can develop immediately after someone experiences a disturbing event, or it can occur weeks, months, or even years later.

PTSD is estimated to affect about 1 in every 3 people who have a traumatic experience, but it’s not clear exactly why some people develop the condition and others do not.

How Is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Treated?

Post traumatic stress disorder can be treated in following way :

  • It is important for anyone with PTSD symptoms to work with a mental health professional who has experience treating PTSD. The main post traumatic stress disorder treatment is psychotherapy, medications, or a combination of psychotherapy and medications. A mental health professional can help people find the best treatment plan for their symptoms and needs. That is why we must understand how to reduce stress and what effective steps we can take to relieve stress that will calm our minds and bodies.
  • To effectively address post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a treatment plan typically involves a combination of therapies, medication, and self-help strategies. Therapies like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) help individuals process traumatic memories and develop healthier coping mechanisms. 
  • Medications, such as antidepressants, may be prescribed to manage symptoms. Self-help strategies like establishing routines, engaging in physical activity, seeking support, and avoiding substances can empower individuals in their recovery journey. Collaborating with mental health professionals ensures a personalized and interactive approach to treatment.

What Diet Should Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Sufferers Adopt?

  1. Include A Variety Of Fruits And Vegetables: Aim to have a colorful plate with different fruits and vegetables. They provide essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support your body’s healing and overall health.
  2. Opt For Whole Grains: Choose whole grain options like brown rice, whole wheat bread, and oats. They are rich in fiber and can help stabilize blood sugar levels, providing sustained energy throughout the day.
  3. Incorporate Lean Proteins: Include lean protein sources like chicken, fish, beans, lentils, and tofu in your meals. Protein helps in repairing and rebuilding tissues, as well as supporting the production of important chemicals in the brain.
  4. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your body hydrated. SO, avoid excessive consumption of sugary beverages and opt for water as the primary choice.
  5. Limit Processed Foods And Sugary Snacks: Try to reduce the intake of processed foods, sugary snacks, and drinks. These items can negatively impact your mood and energy levels.
  6. Be Mindful Of Caffeine And Alcohol: Limit the consumption of caffeinated beverages like coffee and energy drinks, as they can increase anxiety and sleep disturbances. Additionally, be mindful of alcohol intake, as it can interfere with your overall well-being and worsen symptoms of PTSD.

How Can I Find Help For Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

If you’re not sure where to get help, a healthcare provider can refer you to a licensed mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist with experience treating PTSD.

Here are some things you can do to help yourself while in treatment:

  1. Talk with your healthcare provider about treatment options and follow your treatment plan.
  2. Engage in exercise, mindfulness, or other activities that help reduce stress.
  3. Try to maintain routines for meals, exercise, and sleep.
  4. Set realistic goals and focus on what you can manage.
  5. Spend time with trusted friends or relatives and tell them about things that may trigger symptoms.
  6. Expect your symptoms to improve gradually, not immediately.
  7. Avoid the use of alcohol or drugs.

In addition, we can’t cure our mental health without the right food, sleep, and a healthy lifestyle. Here, we will know how food for mental health works and improves our overall health.

Self-Help Tips

Active coping is a key part of recovery. It enables a person to accept the impact of the event they have experienced and take action to improve their situation.

The following can help a person achieve this:

  • learning about PTSD
  • understanding that an ongoing response is normal and that recovery takes time
  • accepting that healing does not necessarily mean forgetting
  • so, gradually feeling less bothered by symptoms and having confidence in the ability to cope with the bad memories is the goal of healing

Other things that can help include:

  • finding someone to confide in
  • spending time with other people who know what has happened
  • letting people know what might trigger symptoms
  • breaking down tasks into smaller parts to make them easier to prioritize and complete
  • getting physical exercise, such as swimming, walking, or yoga
  • practicing relaxation, breathing, or meditation techniques
  • listening to quiet music or spending time in nature
  • understanding that it will take time for symptoms to go away
  • accepting that PTSD is not a sign of weakness and that it can happen to anyone
  • participating in enjoyable activities that can provide distraction

Note: Many helplines and facilities are available for people who are or who may be experiencing the symptoms of PTSD. However, if you need immediate, emergency help to prevent you from hurting yourself or others, please call 911.

A Word From Fitelo

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a serious mental health condition that requires understanding, support, and access to appropriate treatment. By fostering awareness, encouraging open dialogue, and providing resources, we can create a safe and compassionate environment for those impacted by PTSD. 

Let us strive to build a society that acknowledges the invisible wounds carried by individuals with PTSD and helps them navigate the path toward healing and recovery. Together, we can make a difference in the lives of those affected by this debilitating disorder.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is Post Traumatic Stress Curable?

While post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is treatable, the concept of a complete “cure” may not apply to everyone. With appropriate treatment and support, many individuals with PTSD experience significant improvement and can effectively manage their symptoms.

What Is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. It can cause distressing symptoms such as flashbacks, nightmares, avoidance, hyperarousal, and negative mood, impacting one’s daily life and well-being.

What Are The Treatment Options For Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Treatment for post traumatic stress disorder typically involves a combination of therapies, including psychotherapy and medication. Psychotherapy options may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), and group therapy, among others.

How Do You Deal With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Without Therapy?

While therapy is often recommended for PTSD, there are self-help strategies individuals can try alongside or as an alternative to therapy. These may include practicing relaxation techniques, engaging in regular physical exercise, connecting with supportive friends or family, journaling, and exploring stress-reducing activities such as mindfulness or creative outlets.

What Is A Good Treatment Plan For PTSD?

Hence, a good treatment plan for PTSD will typically involve a combination of evidence-based therapies, tailored to the individual’s needs. It may include therapies such as CBT, EMDR, or prolonged exposure therapy, along with medication if necessary. The treatment plan should be developed in collaboration with a qualified mental health professional.

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While certain herbs may be claimed to aid in weight loss, it’s important to approach such claims with caution. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before incorporating herbs for weight loss regimen. Sustainable weight loss is best achieved through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and a healthy lifestyle.

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This blog post was written to help you make healthy and better food choices altogether. So, be aware and take care. The important thing to consider is your own health before starting a diet that is restrictive. Always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy as well as Enjoy a long happy life!

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