Renal Diabetic Diet: Eating Guidelines For Patients

Snehil Sharma

Snehil Sharma
Jul 2023

2 min read
Renal Diabetic Diet

Table of content

Are you the one who is always navigating how to eat healthy for both diabetes and chronic kidney disease? Undoubtedly, you are feeling overwhelmed, and it is easy to feel like there is nothing left to eat on a renal diabetic diet.

Which is frustrating, isn’t it?

Maintaining a healthy diet plan for kidney disease and diabetes is not that complicated. But we at Fitelo can recommend a healthy diet plan for diabetes that can help you maintain your medical condition. Wonder how? Then keep reading this informative blog.

Firstly, let’s understand what a diabetic diet is.

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What Is A Renal Diabetic Diet

A renal diabetic diet, also known as a kidney-friendly diabetic diet, is a specific eating plan designed for individuals who have both diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). This diet aims to manage blood sugar levels and reduce the burden on the kidneys by controlling the intake of certain nutrients, particularly sodium, potassium, and phosphorus.

So, here are some key points and guidelines typically recommended in a renal diabetic diet:

1.  Control Carbohydrate Intake

Monitoring and managing carbohydrate intake is crucial for people with diabetes to control blood sugar levels. In a renal diabetic diet, it’s important to choose complex carbohydrates such as whole grains, legumes, and vegetables, while limiting simple carbohydrates like sugar, sweets, and refined grains.

2.  Monitor Protein Intake

Protein plays a vital role in the body, but excessive protein consumption can put a strain on the kidneys. Therefore, a moderate amount of high-quality protein sources is recommended, such as lean meats, fish, eggs, and dairy products. The specific protein allowance may vary depending on the severity of kidney disease and individual needs, so it’s best to consult a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian.

3. Manage Sodium (Salt) Intake

Sodium can contribute to fluid retention and high blood pressure, which can be problematic for individuals with kidney disease and diabetes. Reducing salt intake is important, so it’s advisable to avoid highly processed foods, canned goods, and restaurant meals, as they often contain high levels of sodium. Instead, using herbs, spices, and other flavorings can be a healthier alternative for seasoning foods.

4. Limit Potassium And Phosphorus

As kidney function declines, the ability to regulate potassium and phosphorus levels in the blood decreases. Foods high in potassium include bananas, oranges, potatoes, and tomatoes, while phosphorus-rich foods include dairy products, nuts, and whole grains. Depending on individual needs, these foods may need to be limited or avoided to prevent imbalances. Again, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional or dietitian for personalized recommendations.

5.  Fluid Intake

Monitoring fluid intake is important for individuals with kidney disease, as impaired kidney function can lead to fluid retention. The number of fluids allowed per day may vary based on urine output and other factors, so it’s essential to follow the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Also, read: Diabetes? Then Lower The Risk With 7- Day Type 2 Diabetes Diet

4 Days Diabetic Renal Diet Meal Plan

Here we are sharing renal diabetic diet menus with you. With the help of this diabetic renal diet chart, you can plan your days accordingly.

Diet Plan

Day 1: Sunday
Renal Diabetic Diet Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM)1 cup Vangibath+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30 AM)1 apple (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup snake gourd dal (red gram dal leached in hot water for 2 hours)+1/2 cup cabbage(leached) sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup puffed rice (murmura)+ 1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)1 cup rice+1/2 cup cabbage(leached) sabji
Day 2: Monday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup capsicum rice+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30 AM)1 pear (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1.5 cup rice+1/2 cup lauki dal(red gram dal leached)+1/2 cup bhindi(leached) sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)+ 4 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)1 cup rice+ 1/2 cup bhindi(leached) sabji
Day 3: Tuesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)3 rice dosa+1/2 cup sambhar(100ml)(red gram dal-leached, onion, ladies finger, bottle gourd)+1tsp tomato chutney+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30 AM)4 Jambu fruits/ strawberries(small)
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup mix veg sambhar (leached (red gram dal, lady finger, bottle gourd), onion)+ 1/2 cup lauki sabji+ 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)3 Cracker biscuits+ 1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml)
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)1 cup rice+ 1/2 cup lauki sabji
Day 4: Wednesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)4 rice Idly+ 1/2 cup sambhar (100ml) (red gram dal-leached, onion, lady finger, bottle gourd) +1 tsp methi chutney+1 cup toned milk/ 1 cup tea (100ml)
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30 AM)Pineapple (100gm)
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM)1 cup rice+2 chapathi+1/2 cup ridge gourd sabji+1/2 cup methi dal (both methi and red gram dal leached) + 1/2 cup curd
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM)1 cup toned milk/tea (100ml) + 4 biscuits
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM)1 cup rice+1/2 cup ridge gourd sabji

Foods To Include In Renal Diabetes Diet

A renal diabetes diet aims to manage both diabetes and kidney disease. It typically focuses on controlling blood sugar levels, managing blood pressure, and reducing the strain on the kidneys. Here are some foods that can be included in a renal diabetes diet:

1. Low-Glycemic Index (GI) Carbohydrates

Choose whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat bread, which have a lower impact on blood sugar levels compared to refined grains. Also, you can follow a low glycemic index diet plan. It will help you in your overall health.

2. Lean Proteins

Opt for lean sources of protein such as skinless chicken, turkey, fish (like salmon and tuna), tofu, and legumes (such as lentils and kidney beans). These protein sources are lower in saturated fat and phosphorus, which is important for kidney health.

3. Healthy Fats

Include heart-healthy fats in your diet, such as avocados, olive oil, nuts (like almonds and walnuts), and seeds (like chia seeds and flaxseeds). These fats can help manage blood sugar levels and provide beneficial nutrients.

4. Non-Starchy Vegetables

Incorporate a variety of non-starchy vegetables like spinach, kale, broccoli, peppers, zucchini, and cauliflower. These vegetables are low in carbohydrates and contain essential vitamins and minerals.

5. Berries

Berries like strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries are lower in sugar compared to other fruits. They are also rich in antioxidants, fiber, and various vitamins.

6. Low-Fat Dairy or Dairy Alternatives

Choose low-fat or fat-free dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese, or opt for dairy alternatives like unsweetened almond or soy milk. These options provide protein and calcium.

7. Herbs And Spices

Use herbs and spices to flavor your meals instead of relying on salt. This helps manage blood pressure and reduce sodium intake. Examples include basil, oregano, thyme, cinnamon, and turmeric.

8. Limited Sodium Foods

Reduce your intake of high-sodium foods like processed meats, canned soups, fast food, and packaged snacks. High sodium intake can increase blood pressure and strain the kidneys.

Foods To Avoid While On Renal Diabetes Diet

Here are ten foods to avoid while on a renal diabetic diet, along with explanations:

Renal Diabetes Diet

1. High-Sodium Foods

Processed meats (e.g., deli meats, sausages), canned soups, fast foods, and packaged snacks often contain excessive amounts of sodium. High sodium intake can lead to fluid retention and high blood pressure, which can be detrimental to both the kidneys and diabetes management.

2. High-Potassium Foods

Foods rich in potassium, such as bananas, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, and spinach, may need to be limited or avoided, depending on individual needs. High potassium levels can disrupt the heart rhythm and pose challenges for individuals with kidney disease.

3. High-Phosphorus Foods

Dairy products, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and cola drinks are examples of foods high in phosphorus. When kidneys are unable to filter phosphorus effectively, its buildup can lead to weak bones, calcification in blood vessels, and other complications.

4. Foods High In Added Sugar

Sweets, sugary beverages, candies, pastries, and desserts can cause blood sugar spikes and negatively impact diabetes management. It’s important to limit foods with added sugars and opt for healthier alternatives or natural sources of sweetness.

5.  Excess Protein Foods

While protein is necessary, excessive protein intake can strain the kidneys. Red meats, fatty cuts of meat, organ meats, and high-protein supplements should be limited. Choose lean protein sources in moderation, such as skinless poultry, fish, eggs, and low-fat dairy products.

6.  Processed And Packaged Foods

Many processed and packaged foods are laden with additives, preservatives, and high levels of sodium, phosphorus, and potassium. These include ready-to-eat meals, canned goods, and convenience snacks. Opt for fresh, whole foods whenever possible.

7. Fast Foods And Restaurant Meals

Fast food meals and restaurant dishes often contain hidden sodium, unhealthy fats, and excessive portion sizes. These can contribute to weight gain, high blood pressure, and unstable blood sugar levels. Preparing homemade meals allows for better control over ingredients and portion sizes.

8. Food Rich In Fat

Foods high in saturated and trans fats, such as fatty cuts of meat, fried foods, full-fat dairy products, and commercially baked goods, can raise cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease. Choose leaner protein sources and opt for healthier cooking methods like baking, grilling, or steaming.

9.  Carbonated Drinks

Colas and other carbonated beverages are often high in phosphorus additives, which can be harmful to individuals with kidney disease. Additionally, these drinks may contain added sugars or artificial sweeteners that can affect blood sugar levels.

10. Excessive Fluid Intake

While fluid requirements vary for each individual based on their kidney function, it’s important to avoid excessive fluid intake. Consuming more fluids than recommended can lead to fluid retention and strain the kidneys. Monitoring and adhering to the prescribed fluid restrictions is essential.

Also, read: An Indian Diet Plan for Prediabetes: Practical Tips and Insights

Tips To Take Care In Renal Diabetic Diet

Taking care of your kidneys is important for overall health and to prevent kidney disease. Here are some tips to help maintain kidney health:

1. Stay Hydrated

Drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to keep your body hydrated. Proper hydration helps the kidneys flush out waste products and toxins from the body.

2. Follow A Balanced Diet

Maintain a healthy and balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Limit your intake of processed foods, high-sodium foods, sugary drinks, and excessive amounts of red meat.

3. Control Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to kidney problems. Monitor your blood pressure regularly and take steps to manage it through lifestyle modifications or medication if necessary.

4.  Manage Blood Sugar Levels

Uncontrolled diabetes can cause damage to the kidneys. If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, follow your prescribed treatment plan, and make dietary and lifestyle choices that support good blood sugar control.

5.  Exercise Regularly

Engage in regular physical activity as it helps maintain overall health and can lower the risk of chronic conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure, which are risk factors for kidney disease.

6.  Limit Alcohol Consumption

Excessive alcohol consumption can damage the kidneys. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation and follow recommended guidelines (e.g., no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men).

7.  Avoid Smoking

Smoking can worsen kidney function and increase the risk of kidney disease. If you smoke, seek help to quit smoking and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.

8.  Use Medications Wisely

Follow prescribed medications as directed and avoid overusing or misusing medications that can potentially harm the kidneys. Certain medications, when taken in excessive doses or for prolonged periods, can be toxic to the kidneys.

Health Benefits Of Renal Diabetic Diet Plan

Following a renal diabetic diet plan offers several benefits for individuals with both diabetes and kidney disease. Here are five key benefits:

1. Blood Sugar Managemen

A renal diabetic diet plan focuses on controlling carbohydrate intake and choosing complex carbohydrates with a low glycemic index. This helps stabilize blood sugar levels, preventing spikes and dips that can be challenging for individuals with diabetes. By managing blood sugar effectively, the risk of diabetes-related complications can be reduced.

2. Kidney Health Support

A renal diabetic diet plan takes into account the specific nutritional needs of individuals with kidney disease. By limiting the intake of certain nutrients like sodium, potassium, and phosphorus, the diet helps reduce the burden on the kidneys and prevents further damage. This can slow down the progression of kidney disease and maintain better overall kidney health.

3. Blood Pressure Control

High blood pressure is a common complication of both diabetes and kidney disease. The renal diabetic diet plan emphasizes a reduced intake of sodium, which can help manage blood pressure levels. By keeping blood pressure in check, the risk of kidney damage and cardiovascular complications can be minimized.

4. Nutritional Balance

The renal diabetic diet plan aims to provide a balanced intake of essential nutrients while avoiding excessive amounts of nutrients that may be harmful to the kidneys. It focuses on incorporating lean proteins, healthy fats, and a variety of fruits and vegetables, ensuring individuals receive the necessary vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. This promotes overall health and well-being.

Read: What Is Balanced Diet: Importance And Benefits For A Healthy Lifestyle

5. Customized Approach

Each person’s renal diabetic diet plan may be tailored to their specific needs, stage of kidney disease, and diabetes management goals. Working with a registered dietitian who specializes in renal nutrition allows for individualized meal plans, taking into account personal preferences, food restrictions, and lifestyle factors. This personalized approach enhances adherence to the diet and increases the likelihood of achieving desired health outcomes.

Bottom Line On “Renal Diabetic Diet”

The bottom line is that a renal diabetic diet is a specialized eating plan designed for individuals with both diabetes and kidney disease. It focuses on controlling blood sugar levels, managing kidney complications, and maintaining overall health. This diet emphasizes balanced macronutrient intake, controlled carbohydrates, limited sodium, appropriate protein levels, fluid restriction if necessary, monitoring of potassium and phosphorus, and maintaining a regular meal pattern. Working with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian is crucial to personalize the diet according to individual needs and ensure optimal management of diabetes and kidney disease.

Weight Loss Transformation

Do you also rely on dabbalife products for your health? Then this story is a must-read for you. Read how Priyanka, a teacher from Patiala took FITELO diet plan consultation and lost weight while transforming her health and lifestyle.

Neeru Bajwa Fitness Secret ( What I Eat In A Day ) 

Fitelo is thrilled to welcome the fitness, health, and beauty icon – Neeru Bajwa to our family! Join us in this exciting partnership to achieve your fitness goals just like the Queen of Punjabi Cinema!”

Fun Facts

‘Maa ke hath k rajma chawal”. Ohoho, kya yaad dila dia, its an emotion, vo bas ek meal nahi hai!
But did you know that as a bonus, it also happens to be the best meal for weight loss and overall health? Read on to find out how.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is In A Renal Diet For Dialysis?

Renal dietitians encourage most people on hemodialysis to eat high-quality protein because it produces less waste for removal during dialysis. High-quality protein comes from meat, poultry, fish, and eggs. Sodium is a part of salt. Sodium is found in many canned, packaged, frozen, and fast foods.

What Is A Renal Pre Dialysis Diet?

Limit or avoid high-potassium foods such as milk, and milk products (like cheese and yogurt), nuts and seeds, whole grains, legumes, bananas, oranges, cantaloupe, avocado, potatoes, spinach, tomatoes, and tomato products (like sauce and paste), broccoli, cooked greens, and sweet potatoes.

What Fruit Is Best For Dialysis Patients?

  • Apple (1)
  • Berries (1/2 cup)
  • Cherries (10)
  • Fruit cocktail drained (1/2 cup)
  • Grapes (15)
  • Peach (1 small fresh or canned, drained)
  • Pear, fresh or canned, drained (1-half)
  • Pineapple (1/2 cup canned, drained)
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Contact Us Today

We’re never leaving you hanging with doubts, queries, as well as confusing questions. We understand how all this information gets overwhelming as well as a little confusing on your way to a healthy lifestyle. Hence, you can always contact us at any time as our experts are here to guide you 24/7. Also, we will help you achieve your weight loss goals.


This blog post was written to help you to make healthy and better food choices altogether. So, be aware and take care. The important thing to consider is your health before starting a restrictive diet. Always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy as well as Enjoy a long happy life.

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