What Is The Best Diet For Kidney Stones?

Savi Sharma

Savi Sharma
May 2022

2 min read
what is the best diet for kidney stones

Table of content

Kidney Stones are tiny pebble or stone-like particles that form in the kidney due to deposits of certain materials. They can form in both kidneys. However, kidney stone disease is curable but can lead to irritation and excruciating pain. Additionally, discovering the optimal diet for preventing kidney stones isn’t just about food choices – it’s about safeguarding your well-being. So, let’s unravel the puzzle of ‘What is the best diet for kidney stones?

The severity of kidney stone disease may range from harmless to dangerous. Harmless tiny ones sometimes dissolve on their own by drinking lots of water, and fluids, and by specific medications. But the big ones, my friend, often need to be operated. So, if you are someone who is suffering from kidney stones and needs proper guidance on a diet plan for kidney stones you are in the right place.

CTA ImageCTA Image

Everything About Kidney Stone Disease

You may need to follow a particular diet if you have kidney stones. To begin, your healthcare provider will do blood and urine tests to determine what risk factors you may have. Then your doctor will inform you what food adjustments and medical therapy you’ll need to avoid kidney stones reappearing. A Urologist can assist you in making the appropriate dietary and lifestyle modifications. And, now we will further discuss the Best Diet Plan and dietitian for Kidney Stones.

What Are The Types Of Kidney Stones?

So, here let’s pin down a few types of kidney stones:

1. Calcium Stones

The most prevalent type of kidney stones is calcium stones. They occur when calcium in your urine reacts with oxalate (a natural substance found in most foods). So, when you don’t receive enough water or calcium, they develop.

2. Uric Stones

Uric stones are a form of kidney stone that is quite prevalent. A high level of a natural chemical called purine (found in some meats and shellfish) in your body can lead to the accumulation of high levels of a chemical called urate in your body, which can lead to kidney stones. Kidney stones of this type tend to run in families.

3. Struvite Stones

When bacteria from upper urinary tract infections (UTIs) enter your urinary tract, struvite stones can form. Calcium and uric acid stones are more prevalent than struvite stones.

4. Cystine Stones

Cystine stones are caused by cystinuria, which is a rare genetic disorder. Cystinuria is a condition in which a natural substance called cystine leaks into the urine. Kidney stones can occur when your urine contains too much cystine. Stones can lodge in your kidneys, bladder, or any other part of your urinary tract. The majority of cystinuria patients will develop several stones during their lives. It’s a chronic illness that can be managed but not healed.

How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?

Did you know how to cure and prevent kidney stones with a diet plan? We at Fitelo provide 7 day renal diet meal plan which is the best meal plan to cure stones. There are many different ways in which kidney stones can be diagnosed some of them are:

  • When a health exam includes an X-ray, “silent” kidney stones, or those that cause no symptoms, are frequently discoverable. Other people’s stones are diagnosed when they experience sudden discomfort as the stone is passing and may also require medical attention.
  • An ultrasound or a CT scan may be used to diagnose a stone if a person has blood in their urine (hematuria) or abrupt stomach or side pain. These imaging examinations reveal the size and location of the stone to the healthcare professional.
  • A CT scan is often used in the ER when a stone is suspected. It is used because it can make a quick and exact diagnosis.

What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Stones?

Let’s jump deep and understand the symptoms of kidney stones:

1. Pain In The Back, Belly, or sideways

Renal colic, often known as kidney stone pain, is one of the most intense types of pain imaginable. Kidney stone pain has been compared to childbirth or being stabbed with a knife by some people. The pain is so severe that more than half a million people visit emergency rooms each year.

2. Pain Or Burning During Urination

When the stone reaches the junction of your ureter and bladder, you will experience pain when urinating. Your doctor may diagnose you with dysuria. The discomfort can be acute. Also, if you don’t know you have a kidney stone, you might mistake it for a UTI. And, sometimes you can have an infection along with the stone.

3. Urinary Urgency

Another indicator that the stone has traveled into the lower part of your urinary tract is the need to go to the bathroom more urgently or frequently than normal. You may feel yourself needing to go to the bathroom frequently during the day and night. But again, the urgent need to pee might often be mistaken for a symptom of a urinary tract infection.

4. Blood In The Urine

Blood in the urine is a very common symptom in people with kidney stones. It is also called hematuria. Blood can be red, pink, or brown in color. Even if the blood cells are too minute to view without a microscope (a condition known as microscopic hematuria), your doctor can test your urine for blood.

5. Smelly Urine

Urine that is healthy is clear and does not have a strong odor. The urine that is cloudy or smells bad could indicate an infection in your kidneys or another portion of your urinary tract.

Also, Read: Presenting You With Kidney Friendly Diet Plan For Dialysis Patient

6. Blockage Of Urine

Large kidney stones can become lodged in the ureter. The flow of urine may be slowed or stopped as a result of this obstruction. Moreover, if you have a blockage, you may only be able to urinate a small amount each time. A complete cessation of urine flow is a medical emergency.

7. Nausea And Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are typical in persons who have kidney stones. The kidneys and the GI tract share neural connections, which causes these symptoms. Kidney stones can cause an upset stomach by triggering nerves in the GI tract. When you’re in a lot of pain, your body may react with nausea and vomiting.

8. Fever And Chills

Fever and chills are symptoms of a kidney infection or another illness in the urinary tract. A kidney stone can cause this dangerous condition. Apart from kidney stones, it can also be a symptom of more significant disorders. Hence, any fever that is accompanied by pain should be treated as soon as possible.

What Causes Kidney Stones?

kidney stones can form due to a combination of factors, and their development involves a complex interplay of genetics, lifestyle, and dietary choices. Here’s a detailed explanation of the causes of kidney stones, broken down into points:

1. Mineral Imbalances

Kidney stones primarily consist of crystallized minerals and salts. When the urine contains an imbalance of minerals, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, it can lead to the formation of crystals. These crystals can aggregate and develop into kidney stones over time.

2. Dehydration

Insufficient fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, which provides an environment conducive to crystal formation. When urine is concentrated, there’s less liquid to dissolve minerals, increasing the chances of crystal aggregation and stone formation.

3. Dietary Factors

  • High Oxalate Intake: Oxalate-rich foods, such as spinach, rhubarb, chocolate, and certain nuts, can contribute to stone formation. Oxalate binds with calcium in the urine, forming calcium oxalate crystals – a common type of kidney stone.
  • High Salt (Sodium) Intake: Excess sodium in the diet can increase calcium excretion in the urine, promoting the development of calcium-based stones.
  • Low Calcium Intake: Paradoxically, inadequate calcium consumption can also lead to stone formation. Calcium helps bind to oxalate in the intestines, preventing its absorption and reducing the likelihood of oxalate crystals forming in the kidneys. Also, kidney patients can follow a glomerulonephritis diet plan.

4. Genetics

Family history and genetics play a role in kidney stone formation. Some individuals may be more predisposed to developing stones due to inherited factors that affect how their bodies process and excrete minerals.

5. Obesity And Metabolic Syndrome

Excess weight and conditions like metabolic syndrome can lead to insulin resistance, which can disrupt normal calcium metabolism and increase the risk of stone formation.

6. Urinary Tract Abnormalities

Structural abnormalities in the urinary tract, such as narrow passages or malformations, can hinder the natural flow of urine and provide sites for crystal accumulation.

7. Certain Medical Conditions

  • Hyperparathyroidism: Overactive parathyroid glands can lead to elevated calcium levels in the blood and urine, contributing to the formation of calcium stones.
  • Gout: Excessive uric acid in the body can crystallize and form uric acid stones.
  • Cystinuria: A rare genetic disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete excessive amounts of cystine, an amino acid, leading to cystine stone formation.

8. Inadequate Fluid Intake

Not drinking enough water reduces the ability of urine to dilute minerals and prevent crystal aggregation.

9. Infections

Certain urinary tract infections can contribute to the formation of struvite stones, which are composed of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate.

11 Foods To Include And Avoid In Kidney Stone Diet Chart

Many individuals ask which food gives benefits for kidney stones. If you are also finding the answer then here is the list.

Foods You should include:

  1. Ginger
  2. Cucumber
  3. Lemon
  4. Coconut water
  5. Strawberries
  6. Celery Juice
  7. Pomegranate juice
  8. Capsicum
  9. Carrots
  10. Buttermilk
  11. Watermelon

These foods might vary depending on the type of stone a person has ( can be either calcium or oxalate stone)

Foods To Avoid In A Kidney Stone Diet Plan

Here is the list of the foods:

  • Whole pulses
  • Nuts like: peanuts, cashews
  • Spinach
  • Raw tomatoes
  • Mushrooms
  • Brinjals
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Tomato soup

How To Control Kidney Stones Issues

You can make a few sedimentary life changes such as:

1. Stay Hydrated

By diluting urine concentration, lowering urine acidity, and removing excess salt, increased fluid intake may help avoid the formation of stones. However, the tendency for increased fluid intake to dilute stone inhibitors like magnesium, pyrophosphate, and glycosaminoglycan could negate these positive benefits.

So, based on the findings of two randomized studies, a recent meta-analysis indicated that drinking plenty of water reduced the long-term risk of kidney stone recurrence by almost 60%. The combined evidence from only two investigations, however, is inconclusive.

2. Consume A Variety Of Fruits And Vegetables

All persons who develop kidney stones should consume at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day. Also, potassium, fiber, magnesium, antioxidants, phytate, and citrate are all found in fruits and vegetables, and they may help prevent stones from developing.

One piece of fruit, one potato, or one cup of raw vegetables constitutes a serving. A serving of cooked veggies is 12 cups. So, if you’re concerned that you’re not getting enough fruits and veggies, talk to your doctor about how to get the most out of your diet.

3. Eat Less Meat

If you develop cystine or calcium oxalate stones and have a high level of uric acid in your urine, your doctor may advise you to eat less animal protein.

If your doctor believes your diet is contributing to your stone risk, he or she will advise you to consume less meat, fish, seafood, poultry, hog, lamb, mutton, and game meat than you do currently. This could entail eating certain items only once or twice a day instead of twice or three times a day, eating them fewer times per week, or eating smaller portions when you do eat them.

Thus, the quantity you should limit is determined by how much you eat currently and how your diet affects your uric acid levels.

4. Include Less Salt

For people who add a lot of salt to their diet and a lot of calcium or cystine in their urine Sodium can cause an excessive amount of calcium and cystine in the urine. If you have a lot of salt in your diet, your doctor may urge you to avoid it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other health organizations recommend that you do not consume more than 2,300 mg of salt each day.

5. Consume Low Oxalate Foods

Patients with elevated urine oxalate should follow this advice. The level of oxalate in your urine can frequently be controlled by eating calcium-rich foods with meals. This is because calcium consumption lowers oxalate levels in the body while managing urinary oxalate. If this does not control your urine oxalate, you must eat fewer foods that are high in oxalate.

Oxalate is found in almost all plant foods, however, it is concentrated in a few. Spinach, rhubarb, and almonds are just a few of the options. It is rarely essential to totally eliminate oxalate-containing items from your diet. This must be assessed on an individual basis and is dependent on the cause of your excessive oxalate levels.

Learn: Yoga For Chronic Kidney Disease: Nurturing Your Kidneys With Gentle Practice

Diet Plan For Kidney Stones

1: Early Morning Meal:

  • Lemon water

2: Breakfast

  •  Vegetable Poha

3: Mid-Morning Snack

  • Green tea+ Apple/Papaya

4: Lunch

  •  White rice (starch removed) + any dhuli dal

5: Evening Drink

  • Milk tea/ Coffee

6: Evening Snack

  • Roasted makhana chaat

7: Dinner

  • A bowl full of cooked vegetable

8: Post Dinner

  • Chamomile tea

A Word From Fitelo On What Is The Best Diet For Kidney Stones

The ideal diet for preventing kidney stones centers around maintaining a balanced intake of essential nutrients while strategically avoiding certain foods. Prioritizing hydration is key, as drinking ample water helps dilute urine and inhibit crystal formation. Embracing a diet rich in fruits and vegetables provides valuable vitamins and minerals without overwhelming the system with excessive oxalates or sodium.

Adequate calcium intake from dietary sources, rather than supplements, can help bind oxalates in the intestines, mitigating their absorption and reducing the risk of stone development. Limiting high-oxalate foods, such as spinach and nuts, along with reducing sodium intake, aids in maintaining urinary tract health. Moderating animal protein intake helps prevent uric acid and cystine stone formation.

Mehak’s Transformation And Prevention Of Obesity In 6 Months

If you want your weight loss journey simple and effortless then follow us. Because Fitelo diets consist of delicious recipes you might not even have thought of.

So, here is a story of Mehak, which will surely inspire you also, to start working towards a healthy lifestyle

How Junk Is Killing Your Future?

Junk food is one of the main reasons why you are suffering from diseases and obesity. Now, to know how junk food is becoming a demon of your life, watch this video.

Fun Facts

Chai aur paratha! Hum Indians ka favorite nashta. Garam garam parathion k sath chai pine ka vese to maza hi kuchh aur hai, but do you know consuming tea with paratha can be the biggest health mistake?

So, here are 3 reasons why you should never drink tea with meals.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Foods Help Clear Kidney Stones?

Simple, ghar ka khana. A few are:

  • Diet and Calcium Stones
  • Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water.
  • Eat less salt.
  • Have only 2 or 3 servings a day of foods with a lot of calcium, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, oysters, and tofu.
  • Eat lemons or oranges, or drink fresh lemonade.
  • Limit how much protein you eat.
  • Eat a low-fat diet.

Can A Perfect Diet Helps To Remove Kidney Stones?

It totally based on the type of kidney stone you had, you may be able to prevent kidney stones by making changes in how much sodium, animal protein, calcium, or oxalate is in the food you eat.

Is Egg Good For Kidney Stones?

Limit beef, pork, eggs, cheese, and fish, because they may raise your chances of most types of kidney stones. Vitamin C. Too much can make your body produce oxalate. So don’t take more than 500 mg a day.

Which Fruit Is Best For Kidney Stones?

Citrus fruit, and its juice, can help reduce or block the formation of stones due to naturally occurring citrate. Good sources of citrus include lemons, oranges, and grapefruit.

CTA ImageCTA Image

Contact Us Today

If you’re searching for the right guidance as well as better assistance, then your search to find the right guidance to be a part of all those fat-to-fit stories ends here. So, contact us today if you are looking for a diet plan with cheat meals. Also, we will discuss how we can help you achieve your weight loss goals.


This blog post was written to help you to make healthy and better food choices altogether. So, be aware and take care. The important thing to consider is your own health before starting a diet that is restrictive. Always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.

Eat Healthy, Live Healthy. Enjoy a long happy life.

No Thoughts on What Is The Best Diet For Kidney Stones?

Leave A Comment

The first step to a healthier you starts here. Talk to our experts now

Get access to 500+ healthy and tasty recipes, fitness tips and more. Subscribe to our newsletter