Are There Any Difference Between Blood Sugar And Diabetes?

Nimisha Gupta

Nimisha Gupta
Aug 2023

2 min read
What Is The Difference Between Blood Sugar And Diabetes

Table of content

Diabetes and blood sugar are two terms that are frequently used interchangeably, but do you understand what they signify and how they are connected? These two terms are often used interchangeably, confusing many of us. So what is the difference between blood sugar and diabetes? Here in this blog, we will find out the answer to this question to get more clarity on this subject.

Whether you’re a health enthusiast or seeking knowledge about your well-being, this blog will provide valuable insights into blood sugar and Diabetes. So let’s begin and gain a deeper understanding of these crucial aspects of our health!

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Understanding Blood Sugar

So, what is blood sugar? It is the amount of glucose present in our bloodstream. Glucose, often referred to as “blood sugar,” is a type of sugar that serves as our bodies’ primary energy source.

When we consume carbohydrates rich foods, such as bread or pasta, they are broken down into glucose during digestion. This glucose then enters our bloodstream and is transported to various cells throughout our body to fuel their functions.

Now, maintaining stable blood sugar levels is crucial for overall health. Our bodies have mechanisms in place to regulate blood sugar levels, primarily through the actions of insulin – a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin helps transport glucose from the bloodstream into cells so it can be used for energy.

Blood sugar levels are typically measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) and can vary based on various factors, including whether you’ve recently eaten. Here are the general ranges:

Blood Sugar MeasurementNormal RangePrediabetes RangeDiabetes Range
Fasting (Before Eating)Below 100 mg/dL100 – 125 mg/dL126 mg/dL or higher
2 Hours After Eating (Postprandial)Below 140 mg/dL140 – 199 mg/dL200 mg/dL or higher

So, from the above table, it is clear what blood sugar level causes diabetes. Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) can result in feelings of dizziness, weakness, and confusion. On the other hand, high blood sugar levels (Hyperglycemia) can lead to symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue. People with high blood sugar are at risk of developing Diabetes.

Causes Of Fluctuating Blood Sugar Levels

To find out the answer of what is the difference between blood sugar and diabetes, It is important to know first why our blood sugar levels fluctuate. High blood sugar often leads to diabetes, so let’s find out the causes of this:

  • Diet: What we eat directly impacts our blood sugar levels. Consuming carbohydrates, especially refined sugars, causes a rapid increase in blood sugar, while protein and fats have a milder effect. Also, read our best tips on how to control sugar by Fitelo.
  • Physical Activity: Movement helps our cells utilize glucose, leading to lowered blood sugar levels. Regular exercise can enhance insulin sensitivity, promoting better blood sugar control.
  • Stress: Stress hormones or cortisol can lead to temporary spikes in blood sugar levels leading to a “fight or flight” response as the body prepares for action.
  • Illness: Infections or diseases trigger the release of hormones that elevate blood sugar levels, providing energy for the immune response.

Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels through tests like fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) can help identify any imbalances and guide appropriate measures for maintaining optimal health.

Understanding Diabetes

Now, what is Diabetes? It’s a chronic medical condition that affects how your body processes and uses glucose, also known as blood sugar. When you have Diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t properly use the insulin it does produce.

By allowing cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream, the hormone insulin helps control blood sugar levels. Blood sugar levels can rise too high without enough insulin or with improper insulin activity, resulting in several health issues, including diabetes.

There are different types of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes usually begins in childhood or adolescence and is brought on by the immune system wrongly attacking and destroying the pancreatic cells that produce insulin.

Type 2 diabetes is more common among adults and occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough of it.

Gestational Diabetes affects pregnant women with high blood sugar levels but doesn’t have prior diabetic symptoms. Check out this pregnancy diabetes diet menu by Fitelo to effectively manage gestational diabetes.

Diabetes requires careful management through monitoring blood sugar levels, adopting a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, taking prescribed medications (if necessary), and maintaining a healthy lifestyle overall.

Causes Of Diabetes

Diabetes is a complicated disease with many underlying causes. Here are the main causes of Diabetes:

  • Autoimmune Response: In type 1 diabetes, the pancreatic beta cells that make insulin are wrongly attacked and destroyed by the immune system. This autoimmune response leads to severe insulin deficiency, causing elevated blood sugar levels.
  • Insulin Resistance: The main reason for type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. Cells in the body become less responsive to insulin’s effects, leading to higher glucose levels in the blood.
  • Genetics: A family history of type 2 diabetes can increase the risk. Genetic factors influence the tendency to insulin resistance and compromised beta cell activity.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Sedentary lifestyle, poor diet (high in processed foods and sugary beverages), and obesity contribute significantly to developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Age: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases, especially after 45 years.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance are more likely to occur in women with PCOS. Check out this ultimate type 2 diabetes diet to lower the risks.

Living with Diabetes means being mindful of what you eat to avoid spikes in blood sugar levels. Effective illness management can be achieved with a balanced diet that includes whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables. Regular exercise is essential as it helps improve insulin sensitivity and lowers blood sugar levels naturally.

Difference Between Blood Sugar And Diabetes: Symptoms Variations

Are blood sugar and diabetes the same, or is there any difference? Both Diabetes and high blood sugar possess some common symptoms and some different symptoms from one another. To understand what is the difference between blood sugar and diabetes, we need to know all these symptoms.

The common symptoms of high blood sugar and Diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, Increased hunger, fatigue, and blurry vision. These symptoms are found in both these conditions. But what makes them different are their uncommon symptoms. So, let’s discuss:

what is the difference between blood sugar and diabetes

Other Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar

High blood sugar, or Hyperglycemia, happens when the level of glucose in your bloodstream is elevated beyond the normal range. Symptoms of high blood sugar different from that of Diabetes are:

  • Confusion or Disorientation: Severe Hyperglycemia can affect cognitive function, leading to confusion or mental fogginess.
  • Dehydration: High blood sugar can cause excessive fluid loss through increased urination, leading to dehydration.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: In cases of very high blood sugar, nausea, and vomiting can occur as the body attempts to rid itself of excess glucose.
  • Labored Breathing: Extremely high blood sugar levels can result in rapid, deep breathing, known as Kussmaul breathing, which is a compensatory mechanism to lower blood acidity.

Other Symptoms Of Diabetes

Now let’s discuss the symptoms of Diabetes that are not common with blood sugar. These symptoms are:

  • Sudden Weight Loss: In type 1 diabetes, the body may break down muscle and fat for energy due to insulin deficiency, leading to unintended weight loss.
  • Fruity Breath Odor: If blood sugar levels are critically high, a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can develop, causing a distinct fruity or acetone-like odor on the breath.
  • Numbness or Tingling: Over time, chronic high blood sugar can damage nerves, resulting in sensations of numbness, tingling, or pain, especially in the extremities.
  • Recurrent Infections: Diabetes can weaken the immune system making the body prone to various infections leading to frequent urinary tract, skin, or gum infections.
  • Darkened Skin Patches: Some people with type 2 diabetes may develop patches of darkened skin, often in the armpits, neck, or groin—a condition known as acanthosis nigricans.

So, here we have discussed the common and uncommon symptoms of both high blood sugar and diabetes to understand the difference.

Difference Between Blood Sugar And Diabetes: Long-Term Health Impacts

Diabetes and High Blood Sugar have long-term impacts on our health and bodies. To understand their difference, let’s find out their adverse impacts.

Health Impact of Uncontrolled High Blood Sugar:

If you are dealing with persistent high sugar levels, the following issues can happen:

  • Diabetes Complications: Prolonged high blood sugar levels can lead to serious health complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, nerve damage (neuropathy), and vision issues (retinopathy). Check out our sugar patient diet chart to know what to eat and avoid in this condition.
  • Cardiovascular Issues: Chronic Hyperglycemia can damage blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart disease and hypertension.
  • Nerve Damage: Over time, high blood sugar can lead to nerve damage, causing pain, numbness, and tingling, particularly in the extremities.
  • Kidney Dysfunction: Elevated blood sugar levels can damage the kidneys’ filtering mechanisms, leading to kidney disease and potential kidney failure.

Long-Term Health Impact of Diabetes:

Diabetes hampers the quality of life by inducing stress, depression, and anxiety. Apart from this following are its long-term impacts on health:

  • Cardiovascular Issues: Diabetes significantly increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and hypertension due to its impact on blood vessels and heart function.
  • Nerve Damage (Neuropathy): Prolonged high blood sugar can damage nerves, leading to numbness, tingling, and pain in the extremities, affecting quality of life.
  • Kidney Disease: Diabetes can impair kidney function, potentially leading to kidney disease and kidney failure over time.
  • Eye Complications (Retinopathy): Elevated blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision problems and even blindness.
  • Foot Issues: Nerve damage and poor circulation can result in foot ulcers and infections, which, if left untreated, can lead to amputation.
  • Gastrointestinal Issues: Diabetes can affect digestion, leading to gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying) and other digestive problems.
  • Skin Conditions: High blood sugar levels can lead to skin problems, including infections, slow wound healing, and skin conditions like acanthosis nigricans.

Understanding the possible health impacts of both Diabetes and high blood sugar gives clarity on how differently they can affect our bodies if they persist for a long time.

Prevention Of Blood Sugar And Diabetes

Both diabetes and high blood sugar are different yet related to each other and negatively impact our health. This makes it important to take all preventive measures to control them. So, let’s discuss how we can do this.

Prevention Of High Blood Sugar

Prevention of high blood sugar is crucial to maintaining overall health and preventing the development of Diabetes. Here are some simple yet effective strategies that can help keep your blood sugar levels in check:

  • Balanced Diet: So, what is best to eat when blood sugar is high? Limiting the intake of sugary foods and beverages and opting for whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables can make a significant difference. It’s also important to be mindful of portion sizes and avoid excessive snacking. Also, read our blog on which sugar is good for health to know the best options.
  • Regular Meals: Avoid skipping meals and aim for regular meal timings to help maintain steady blood sugar levels throughout the day.
  • Carbohydrate Awareness: Be mindful of your carbohydrate intake. Choose complex carbohydrates that have a slower impact on blood sugar levels.
  • Physical Activity: Engage in regular physical activity to enhance insulin sensitivity and assist in managing blood sugar fluctuations.
  • Hydration: Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day. Proper hydration can help maintain blood volume and support blood sugar balance.
  • Stress Management: Incorporate stress-relief techniques such as meditation, yoga, deep breathing, and hobbies to keep stress levels in check.

Incorporating these preventive measures into your lifestyle can reduce the chances of developing high blood sugar and ultimately lower the risk of Diabetes.

Prevention Of Diabetes

Prevention of Diabetes is a crucial aspect of maintaining overall health and well-being. While Diabetes cannot always be prevented, some steps can be taken to reduce the risk of developing this chronic condition. These are:

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Embrace a balanced diet rich in whole foods, emphasizing vegetables, fruits, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats.
  • Weight Management: Maintain a healthy weight through a nutritious diet and regular physical activity.
  • Physical Activity: Regularly exercise to improve insulin sensitivity, aid in weight management, and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Limit Sugary Foods: So, if you ask, can high blood sugar cause diabetes? Yes, it can. For this, minimize the consumption of sugary foods, sugary beverages, and refined carbohydrates that can contribute to insulin resistance. Try monk fruit sugar diabetes which is a natural sweetener.
  • Regular Check-ups: Schedule regular health check-ups to monitor your blood sugar levels and assess your risk for diabetes.
  • Know Your Family History: Be aware of your family’s history of diabetes, as genetics can affect your risk.
  • Avoid Smoking: If you smoke, seek support to quit, as smoking increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Limit Alcohol Intake: If you consume alcohol, do so in moderation, as excessive alcohol intake can affect blood sugar levels.
  • Manage Blood Pressure and Cholesterol: Keep blood pressure and cholesterol levels within healthy ranges. It helps to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications associated with Diabetes.

By discussing these prevention measures for both blood sugar fluctuations and diabetes, you will know the distinction between addressing short-term concerns and taking proactive measures to prevent a chronic condition.

Difference Between Blood Sugar And Diabetes: Connecting The Dots

Understanding what is the difference between blood sugar and diabetes is crucial for maintaining good health. While blood sugar refers to the concentration of glucose in your bloodstream, diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how your body regulates blood sugar levels.

Both conditions share some similarities, such as their potential symptoms and causes. Symptoms of high blood sugar and diabetes can include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. The causes can range from genetic factors to lifestyle choices.

When it comes to treatment, managing high blood sugar generally involves making healthy lifestyle changes like following a balanced diet, exercising regularly, monitoring your glucose levels, and potentially taking medication if necessary. Diabetes management typically requires more comprehensive care, including medication or insulin therapy, along with regular monitoring of glucose levels.

By understanding the nuances between blood sugar and diabetes, individuals can take proactive steps toward achieving optimal health. Regular exercise and balanced meals rather than sugars or refined carbohydrates are essential for managing both conditions effectively. For both conditions, you should consult health specialists for prevention strategies based on individual risks. You can also connect with our Fitelo experts for customized diet plans to help you deal with these diseases naturally.

Remember – knowledge is power when it comes to safeguarding your well-being!

Shourya Lost 7 Kgs In 45 Days Achieving Normal Diabetes Level!

Shourya, an Amazon professional, was worried about her higher BMI and pre-diabetic condition, and she sought help from Fitelo’s dietitian. With a customized purely vegetarian pre-diabetic diet, in just 45 days, she lost 7 kgs and shed inches off her waistline. Even more remarkable is that her HBA1C levels, indicating diabetes control, returned to normal during the diet. Read her success story here:

Fun Fact

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With zero saturated fats, cholesterol, and a low-calorie count of less than 40 per 100g, peaches are a dieter’s dream. They are 85% water, helping to keep you hydrated, and their fiber content keeps you feeling satisfied, preventing overeating. Plus, they’re low in calories and fat-free, making them the perfect snack for your weight loss journey. So grab a juicy peach and enjoy its deliciousness while shedding those extra pounds!

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Say farewell to those stubborn tummy inches, and welcome to a healthier, more confident you! Dietitian Mac shares vital insights, evidence-based tactics, and practical advice in this video to help you battle belly fat. Watch this video and review everything from food to workout regimens and lifestyle changes:

Frequently Asked Questions

Can High Blood Sugar Cause Diabetes?

High blood sugar itself doesn’t cause diabetes, but it can be a symptom or a precursor to diabetes. In the case of type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune response destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leading to high blood sugar levels. In type 2 diabetes, a combination of genetic factors, insulin resistance, and lifestyle choices can result in chronic high blood sugar levels.

Is Blood Sugar And Diabetes The Same?

No, blood sugar and diabetes are not the same. Blood sugar refers to the level of glucose in the bloodstream, which fluctuates based on factors like diet and activity. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high blood sugar levels due to either insufficient insulin production (type 1 diabetes) or insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes).

What Causes High Blood Sugar And Diabetes?

High blood sugar is caused by various factors including consuming excessive sugary foods, lack of physical activity, stress, illness, and certain medications. Diabetes is primarily caused by genetic predisposition, autoimmune factors (type 1), and a combination of genetics, lifestyle, and obesity (type 2). Insufficient insulin production or resistance leads to chronically elevated blood sugar levels in diabetes.

Is High Blood Sugar Always Diabetes?

No, high blood sugar is not always indicative of diabetes. While high blood sugar can be a symptom of diabetes, it can also occur due to other factors such as stress, illness, certain medications, and dietary choices. Persistent high blood sugar levels may warrant further evaluation to determine the underlying cause.

What Blood Sugar Level Causes Diabetes?

A fasting blood sugar level of 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher on two separate occasions is typically used to diagnose diabetes. Additionally, a random blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher along with symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue, can also lead to a diabetes diagnosis.

What Foods Reduce Blood Sugar Quickly?

Foods that can help reduce blood sugar quickly include non-starchy vegetables, lean proteins, and foods high in soluble fiber, such as oats, beans, and fruits like berries.

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Contact Us Today

Get in touch with our expert team at Fitelo to kick-start your transformative journey! Let us guide you toward your weight loss goals and help you cultivate sustainable & healthy eating habits. So, contact us today and take the first step towards a healthier, happier you with Fitelo!


This blog post was written to help you make healthy and better food choices. So, be aware and take care. The vital thing to consider is your health before starting a restrictive diet. Therefore, always seek advice from a doctor/dietitian before starting if you have any concerns.
Eat Healthy, Live Healthy. Enjoy a long, happy life.

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